Teens Given Anxiety, Sleep Meds May Be at Risk for Drug Abuse
Teens Given Anxiety, Sleep Meds May Be at Risk for Drug Abuse TUESDAY, Nov. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Teens prescribed anti-anxiety or sleep medications are much more likely to abuse those drugs than other teens, a new study warns. The findings show the need to conduct substance abuse assessments on teenagers before prescribing these drugs to them, the researchers said. "Prescribers and parents don't realize the abuse potential," said lead researcher Carol Boyd, a professor at the University of Michi...
Treating Irregular Heartbeat With Digoxin May Come With Risks
Treating Irregular Heartbeat With Digoxin May Come With Risks FRIDAY, Nov. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The widely used heart drug digoxin is associated with increased risk of death and hospitalization among patients who have the heart rhythm disorder atrial fibrillation but no evidence of heart failure, a new study finds. Atrial fibrillation is a common form of irregular heartbeat that has been linked to a rise in risk for stroke among older Americans. Digoxin has been used for more than a century to h...
Testosterone Plays Minor Role in Older Women's Sex Lives, Study Finds
Testosterone Plays Minor Role in Older Women's Sex Lives, Study Finds THURSDAY, Nov. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- While levels of testosterone and other reproductive hormones have some effect on menopausal women's sex lives, their emotional health and quality of their relationships have a stronger influence, according to a new study. Testosterone is the main sex hormone in men. But, women's ovaries also naturally produce small amounts of the hormone, the researchers noted. The researchers analyzed data ...
Type 1 Diabetes Lowered Survival in Study
Type 1 Diabetes Lowered Survival in Study WEDNESDAY, Nov. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- People with type 1 diabetes faced a much higher risk of dying over the course of a 14-year study than people without the disease, Swedish researchers report. The good news was that the closer someone with type 1 diabetes got to their blood sugar goals (glycemic control), the lower the risk of dying. The bad news was that even those with the best blood sugar management still had roughly double the risk of dying from an...
Trans Fats May Sap Your Memory
Trans Fats May Sap Your Memory TUESDAY, Nov. 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The trans fats found in your favorite junk foods aren't just clogging your arteries: New research shows they might also be messing with your memory. Young and middle-aged men who ate large amounts of trans fats exhibited a significantly reduced ability to recall words during a memory test, according to findings to be presented Tuesday at the American Heart Association's annual meeting in Chicago. Men with the most trans fats in th...
Trust Is Key to Curbing West Africa Ebola Outbreak, Study Finds
Trust Is Key to Curbing West Africa Ebola Outbreak, Study Finds MONDAY, Nov. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Gaining peoples' trust is key to efforts by health workers to rein in the Ebola epidemic in West Africa, a new study suggests. The study found that a lack of trust among the affected people of Guinea was a major reason the Ebola outbreak got out of control early on. Distrust led people to ignore medical advice, resulting in the rapid spread of the disease, said a team led by Timothy Robertson of the...
Two Generic Versions of ADHD Drug Not as Effective: FDA
Two Generic Versions of ADHD Drug Not as Effective: FDA FRIDAY, Nov. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Two generic versions of the attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder drug Concerta may not work as effectively as the brand-name product does, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Thursday. The agency analyzed available data and conducted laboratory tests on the two generic versions of Concerta (methylphenidate hydrochloride extended-release tablets) made by Mallinckrodt Pharmaceuticals and Kudco Irel...
Talking to Friend While Driving? May Be Safer When They See the Road, Too
Talking to Friend While Driving? May Be Safer When They See the Road, Too THURSDAY, Nov. 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Experts have long warned that cellphone conversations are an enemy to safe driving. And while a new study finds that drivers do best when they don't talk and simply focus on the road, if they must talk, it's better if the person they are talking to has his or her eyes on the road, too. That could mean either sitting in the passenger seat or via a specially designed videophone, the study ...
Trials of Experimental Ebola Therapies to Begin
Trials of Experimental Ebola Therapies to Begin THURSDAY, Nov. 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Trials of therapies that might prove effective against Ebola will begin in December in West Africa, the epicenter of the worst Ebola outbreak ever, health officials said Thursday. The therapies will include two antiviral drugs -- one from the United States and one from Japan. They have been approved for certain uses -- the Japanese drug is given to treat influenza, for instance -- but they haven't been tested as ...
Time to Enroll, or Re-Enroll, in an 'Obamacare' Health Plan
Time to Enroll, or Re-Enroll, in an 'Obamacare' Health Plan WEDNESDAY, Nov. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The "Obamacare" marketplaces are now gearing up for a new challenge: persuading Americans who slogged through last year's troubled open enrollment to renew their coverage. This year's enrollment period kicks off Nov. 15. Current enrollees will have until Dec. 15 to pick a plan and update their financial information if they want coverage under a different plan come Jan. 1. If they don't meet that dead...
Three-Quarters of Young Baseball Players Have Arm Pain
Three-Quarters of Young Baseball Players Have Arm Pain TUESDAY, Nov. 11, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Arm pain is common among young baseball players, a new study shows. But despite the pain, many young people are urged to keep playing, the researchers added. The findings suggest that closer monitoring of young baseball players is needed to prevent overuse injuries. "Both nationally and internationally, we're witnessing a troubling increase of elbow and shoulder injuries in young baseball players," study le...
Think You're Allergic to Penicillin? Maybe Not
Think You're Allergic to Penicillin? Maybe Not FRIDAY, Nov. 7, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Many Americans may check the box "allergic to penicillin" on medical forms, but new research suggests that most of them are mistaken. Follow-up testing revealed that most people who believed they were allergic to penicillin were actually not allergic to the antibiotic, according to two new studies. In one study, 94 percent of 384 people who believed they were allergic to penicillin tested negative for penicillin alle...
The Golden Years Don't Glitter for All
The Golden Years Don't Glitter for All THURSDAY, Nov. 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- People in high-income English-speaking countries tend to grow more satisfied with their lives as they age, but that's not the case in many other nations, a new study finds. Researchers analyzed data gathered from people around the world and found that life satisfaction tends to fall during middle age and rise in older age among people in the United States and other high-income English-speaking countries. However, people in...
The ABCs of Successful Classroom Design
The ABCs of Successful Classroom Design WEDNESDAY, Nov. 5, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Classroom design can have a major impact on student achievement, a new study says. "For students to learn to their full potential, the classroom environment must be of minimum structural quality and contain cues signaling that all students are valued learners," the study authors wrote. Two of the most important features are lighting and temperature, according to the researchers who reviewed the latest scientific evidence...
Typical ADHD Care Leaves Room for Improvement, Study Finds
Typical ADHD Care Leaves Room for Improvement, Study Finds MONDAY, Nov. 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Many pediatricians provide inadequate care for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), relying too heavily on drugs and failing to thoroughly assess kids' symptoms, a new study reports. Nearly one-third of pediatricians who diagnose children with ADHD do not consult the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , a necessary step in determining if the kids meet the crite...
Tips for Safe Trick-or-Treating
Tips for Safe Trick-or-Treating SATURDAY, Oct. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Arriving home safe and sound is one of the best Halloween treats of all. To that end, be sure that costumes and goody bags have reflective strips that improve visibility to drivers, said Dr. Sampson Davis, an emergency medicine doctor at Meadowlands Hospital Medical Center in Secaucus, N.J. Trick-or-treaters should also carry a flashlight, and costumes should be flame-resistant, Davis said. He offers these others tips: If you pl...
Teens Who Dine With Their Families May Be Slimmer Adults
Teens Who Dine With Their Families May Be Slimmer Adults FRIDAY, Oct. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For those teens who try to avoid spending time with their parents and siblings, new research suggests that sitting down for family meals might help them stay slim as adults. Despite everyone's busy schedules, researchers found that just one or two gatherings around the kitchen table each week were well worth the effort. "There are numerous distractions that could keep families from having family meals. How...
Teen Conflicts Spill Over to Other Areas of Their Lives
Teen Conflicts Spill Over to Other Areas of Their Lives THURSDAY, Oct. 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Teens' conflicts at home increase the risk of problems at school for up to two days, according to a new study. The research also found that the reverse is true: school problems can create issues at home. Additionally, the study found that bad mood and mental health symptoms such as depression and anxiety are important factors in what's referred to as "spillover effect." Problems that can spill over betwee...
Taking a 'Selfie' May Help With Dermatology Care, Study Shows
Taking a 'Selfie' May Help With Dermatology Care, Study Shows WEDNESDAY, Oct. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- While in-office visits may still be best, taking a photo of a skin lesion and sending it to your dermatologist for analysis may be a valuable piece of eczema care, a new study finds. "This study shows something interesting -- patients' eczema improved regardless whether they saw the doctor for follow-up in the office or communicated online," said one expert not connected to the study, Dr Gary Golde...
Tire Company Sets Standard for Ebola Care in Liberia: CDC
Tire Company Sets Standard for Ebola Care in Liberia: CDC TUESDAY, Oct. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Measures taken by Firestone officials at the company's rubber tree plantation in Ebola-ravaged Liberia may have limited the spread of the disease there and could prove effective elsewhere, researchers report. The Firestone Natural Rubber Co. provides health services to about 80,000 employees, retirees, their families and residents of nearby densely populated communities. Between Aug. 1 and Sept. 23, ther...
Teen Sisters Develop Ways to Measure Lung, Heart Damage
Teen Sisters Develop Ways to Measure Lung, Heart Damage TUESDAY, Oct. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Two sisters in high school have developed ways to measure lung and heart damage. Ilina and Medha Krishen use electronic stethoscopes, which electronically amplify body sounds, to listen for sounds of trouble in breathing patterns or heartbeats. Ilina, a senior at Port Huron Northern High School in Michigan, wanted to find a way to detect early lung damage in people exposed to harmful air pollutants. Using ...
Tall, Heavy 1-Year-Olds May Be at Risk for Obesity Later, Study Finds
Tall, Heavy 1-Year-Olds May Be at Risk for Obesity Later, Study Finds TUESDAY, Oct. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Infants who quickly add weight and length may be showing a genetic propensity for obesity as toddlers, a new study suggests. In adults, certain genes have been linked to increased body fat, but the same genes in infants promote proportionate gains in fat and lean muscle, the researchers said. At 1 year, kids with these genes may be heavier and taller. By ages 2 and 3, however, these genes wer...
Traffic Pollution May Be a Risk While Pregnant
Traffic Pollution May Be a Risk While Pregnant TUESDAY, Oct. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Children of mothers exposed to high levels of traffic air pollution during pregnancy may be at increased risk for lung damage, according to a new study. Researchers tested the lung function of 620 children in Spain when they were 4 years old. Their mothers' exposure to the traffic air pollutants nitrogen dioxide and benzene during the second trimester of pregnancy was also assessed. Compared to children born to mot...
Two-Pronged Program Looks Best for Helping Smokers Quit
Two-Pronged Program Looks Best for Helping Smokers Quit FRIDAY, Oct. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A combination of counseling and medication greatly increases smokers' chances of quitting, according to new research. The study included 1,560 adult smokers in England who made at least one attempt to quit over six months. About 45 percent used no aids to help them quit, while about 5 percent used prescription medication (nicotine replacement therapy, bupropion or varenicline) in combination with behavioral...
Tonsillectomy Complications May Be More Likely in Poor, Minority Kids
Tonsillectomy Complications May Be More Likely in Poor, Minority Kids FRIDAY, Oct. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Black and Hispanic children, and those from poor families, are at increased risk for complications after tonsil removal surgery, a new study finds. Researchers analyzed data from nearly 80,000 children who underwent tonsillectomies in California, Florida, Iowa and New York in 2010 and 2011. Within two weeks after surgery, about 8 percent of the children saw a doctor for complications such as b...
Teens Still Sending Naked Pictures Via Cellphone
Teens Still Sending Naked Pictures Via Cellphone THURSDAY, Oct. 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A large number of American teens continue to send and receive sexual images on their cellphones -- a practice dubbed sexting, according to a new study. Researchers surveyed more than 1,100 undergraduate college students about their experiences with sexting in high school. Nearly 20 percent said they had sent a nude photo of themselves to another person via cellphone, and 38 percent had received such a photo, acc...
Texas Health Care Worker With Ebola Took Commercial Flight on Monday: CDC
Texas Health Care Worker With Ebola Took Commercial Flight on Monday: CDC WEDNESDAY, Oct. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The second nurse at a Dallas hospital to be diagnosed with Ebola flew on a domestic, commercial airline flight on Monday evening -- less than 24 hours before she reported symptoms to hospital staff, federal health officials said Wednesday. Health officials said the risk is low that Amber Joy Vinson, 26, exposed her fellow passengers to Ebola during Frontier Airlines flight 1143 from Cle...
Texas Health Care Worker With Ebola Took Commercial Flight on Monday: CDC
Texas Health Care Worker With Ebola Took Commercial Flight on Monday: CDC WEDNESDAY, Oct. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The second health care worker at a Dallas hospital to be diagnosed with Ebola flew on a domestic, commercial airline flight on Monday evening -- less than 24 hours before she reported symptoms to hospital staff, federal health officials said Wednesday. In a statement released Wednesday morning, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said that nurse Amber Joy Vinson, 26 -- c...
Teen Girls May Face Greater Risk of Depression
Teen Girls May Face Greater Risk of Depression WEDNESDAY, Oct. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Teen girls have more relationship-related stress than boys, which puts them at greater risk for depression, a new study finds. Nearly 400 white and black American teens underwent an assessment for depression and then had three follow-up assessments at about seven-month intervals. Girls tended to have more depressive symptoms during the follow-up than boys. Boys' depressive symptoms seemed to decrease during follo...
Texas Hospital Worker Tests Positive for Ebola
Texas Hospital Worker Tests Positive for Ebola SUNDAY, Oct. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A health care worker who helped treat the Liberian man who died of Ebola in a Dallas hospital last week has tested positive for the virus, public health officials reported Sunday. "We don't know what occurred in the care of the original patient in Dallas, but at some point there was a breach in protocol, and that breach in protocol resulted in this infection," Dr. Tom Frieden, director of the U.S. Centers for Diseas...
Texas Health Care Worker Tests Positive for Ebola in Preliminary Check
Texas Health Care Worker Tests Positive for Ebola in Preliminary Check SUNDAY, Oct. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A health care worker who helped treat the Liberian man who died of Ebola in a Dallas hospital last week has tested positive for the virus, Texas health officials reported early Sunday morning. If confirmed, this would be the first case of Ebola infection on American soil. The Liberian man, Thomas Eric Duncan, contracted Ebola in his home country before flying to Dallas in September to see rel...
Those Little Gas Spills When You Fill Up May Harm the Environment
Those Little Gas Spills When You Fill Up May Harm the Environment FRIDAY, Oct. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Routine small fuel spills at gas stations could cause long-term harm to communities as the gas leaks into the soil and groundwater, a new study suggests. "Gas station owners have worked very hard to prevent gasoline from leaking out of underground storage tanks," said study leader Markus Hilpert, a senior scientist in the department of environmental health sciences at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg S...
Today's Teens Can Be Adept Multitaskers, Study Suggests
Today's Teens Can Be Adept Multitaskers, Study Suggests FRIDAY, Oct. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- If you think teenagers always pay a penalty in performance when they juggle multiple media devices, think again. A new study conducted by high school students finds that some youngsters do equally well on tasks when moving between their laptops, smartphones and other devices, compared to less media-obsessed teens. "Maybe practice really does make perfect," Alexandra Ulmer, a senior at Oregon Episcopal Schoo...
Technology Helps 'Locked-In' Stroke Patient Communicate
Technology Helps 'Locked-In' Stroke Patient Communicate WEDNESDAY, Oct. 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- People who've had severe strokes and have a condition called "locked-in" syndrome may benefit from a new technology that allows them to communicate with the outside world, according to new research. The new study reports on a male stroke patient with locked-in syndrome who was paralyzed and could not communicate. With the new "brain-computer interface" he was able to spell out messages to hospital staff a...
Taller People May Have Lower Risk of Esophageal Cancer: Study
Taller People May Have Lower Risk of Esophageal Cancer: Study MONDAY, Oct. 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Being tall may reduce the risk of esophageal cancer and its precursor, Barrett's esophagus, a new study suggests. Researchers analyzed data from international studies that included 1,000 esophageal cancer patients, 2,000 Barrett's esophagus patients and thousands of people without either condition. Men shorter than 5 feet 7 inches and women shorter than 5 feet 2 were about twice as likely to have Barre...
Teen 'Sexting' Often Precedes Actual Sex, Study Finds
Teen 'Sexting' Often Precedes Actual Sex, Study Finds MONDAY, Oct. 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For some teenagers, "sexting" may be a stepping stone to actually having sex, a new study suggests. Past research has found that, not surprisingly, teenagers who send and receive sexually explicit text messages are more likely to be sexually active than their peers who don't "sext." But the new findings suggest that for some kids, the sexting comes first, researchers report in the Oct. 6 online edition of Pedi...
The Heavier Your Fellow Diners, the More You May Eat
The Heavier Your Fellow Diners, the More You May Eat MONDAY, Oct. 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The size of your dining companions may influence how much you eat, new research suggests. The heavier that people who eat with you or near you are, the more food you are likely to eat and the less likely that food is to be healthy, said study researcher Brian Wansink, director of the Cornell University Food and Brand Lab, in Ithaca, N.Y. In the study, Wansink evaluated how much food people ate when they ate wit...
Tobacco Tied to Higher Risk of Oral HPV Infection, Study Finds
Tobacco Tied to Higher Risk of Oral HPV Infection, Study Finds TUESDAY, Oct. 7, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Tobacco use in any form appears to be linked to an increased risk of infection with oral human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16), a virus that can cause cancers of the mouth and throat, according to Johns Hopkins University researchers. The odds of being infected with HPV16, a sexually transmitted disease, rise as tobacco use increases, the researchers said. As few as three cigarettes a day can increase...
Teens With Cerebral Palsy Report High Quality of Life in Survey
Teens With Cerebral Palsy Report High Quality of Life in Survey TUESDAY, Oct. 7, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Teens with cerebral palsy are just as happy with their lives as teens without the physical disability, a new survey shows. Despite facing numerous challenges, young people with cerebral palsy report having better attitudes about key aspects of their lives than teens who do not have the neurological disorder that impairs movement and motor ability. The British researchers did find that high levels of...
The Obese Are Frequent Targets for Cyberbullies
The Obese Are Frequent Targets for Cyberbullies FRIDAY, Oct. 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Cyberbullying and negative messages targeting overweight and obese people are common on social media, a new study finds. Researchers analyzed more than 1.3 million messages that contained the words "fat," "obese," "obesity" or "overweight." The messages were posted on Facebook, Twitter, Flickr, YouTube, forums and blogs, as well as other types of social media. The messages were posted between January and March 2012....
Too Many Heart Scans May Pose Radiation Risks, Cardiologists Say
Too Many Heart Scans May Pose Radiation Risks, Cardiologists Say MONDAY, Sept. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors need to make sure patients understand the radiation-related risks of heart imaging tests before sending them for such procedures, a new American Heart Association scientific statement says. "With technological improvements, medical imaging has become an increasingly vital tool in diagnosing and treating patients with heart disease, but the rising use of the tests has led to increasing radi...
Trichomoniasis in Teens
Trichomoniasis in Teens Trichomoniasis, known as trich , is a common sexually transmitted disease (STD). It's caused by the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis , which, like all parasites, uses the host body in which it lives for food. It can cause vaginal inflammation in women and painful urination in men. By some estimates, millions of people have trich, but only about a third of them have any symptoms. Experts estimate that at least 1 out of 4 new infections occurs in teen girls. This STD is not a life-th...
Telithromycin Oral tablet
Telithromycin Oral tablet What is this medicine? TELITHROMYCIN (tel ith roe MYE sin) is a ketolide antibiotic. It is used to treat certain kinds of bacterial infections.This medicine will not work for colds, flu, or other viral infections. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. You may take with or without food. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. Do not s...
Transesophageal Echocardiogram (TEE, Heart Scan with Endoscopy, Transesophageal Echocardiography) Procedure overview What is a transesophageal echocardiogram? A transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) is a diagnostic procedure that uses echocardiography to assess the heart’s function. Echocardiography is a procedure used to assess the heart's function and structures. During the procedure, a transducer (like a microphone) sends out ultrasonic sound waves at a frequency too high to be heard. When the transdu...
Thoracentesis (Pleural Tap, Pleural Fluid Analysis) Procedure overview What is thoracentesis and pleural fluid analysis? Thoracentesis is a procedure in which a needle is inserted through the back of the chest wall into the pleural space (a space that exists between the two lungs and the interior chest wall) to remove fluid or air. Pleural fluid analysis is the microscopic and chemical lab analysis of the fluid obtained during thoracentesis. The normal function of the lungs is to expand with each breath...
The Lungs To learn more about the intricate process of lung transplantation, it is important to first learn about the lungs and their components. Listed in the directory below you will find additional information regarding the anatomy of the lung and lung transplantation, for which we have provided a brief overview. Anatomy and Function of the Respiratory System Lung Transplantation
The Liver To learn more about the intricate process of liver transplantation, it is important to first learn about the liver and its components. Listed in the directory below you will find additional information regarding the anatomy of the liver and liver transplantation, for which we have provided a brief overview. Anatomy and Function of the Liver Liver Transplantation
The Kidneys To learn more about the intricate process of kidney transplantation, it is important to first learn about the kidneys and their components. Listed in the directory below you will find additional information regarding the anatomy of the urinary system and kidney transplantation, for which we have provided a brief overview. Anatomy and Function of the Urinary System Kidney Transplantation
The Heart To learn more about the intricate process of heart transplantation, it is important to first learn about the heart and its components. Listed in the directory below you will find additional information regarding the anatomy of the heart and heart transplantation, for which we have provided a brief overview. About the Heart and Blood Vessels Anatomy and Function of the Heart Valves Anatomy and Function of the Electrical System Heart Transplantation
Tick Bite Diseases
Tick Bite Diseases Tick bite diseases require clinical care by a doctor or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below is some additional information about these diseases, for which we have provided a brief overview. Tick Bites Overview Lyme Disease Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
Thawing Breast Milk
Thawing Breast Milk General guidelines for thawing frozen breast milk The following are general guidelines for thawing frozen breast milk: The oldest milk should be used first, unless recently expressed milk is recommended. Thaw breast milk by placing the collection container in the refrigerator for several hours or overnight. To thaw more quickly or to heat refrigerated milk, hold the container of milk under warm running water or place it in a cup, pot, bowl, or basin of warm water. Do not thaw milk in...
The Lungs in Pregnancy
The Lungs in Pregnancy Respiratory system The respiratory system is made up of the organs involved in the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide. The system includes the following: Nose Throat or pharynx Voice box or larynx Windpipe or trachea Lungs which contain the: Airways or bronchi Smaller airways or bronchioles Tiny airways or alveoli The lungs The lungs are a pair of cone-shaped organs made up of spongy, pinkish-gray tissue. They take up most of the space in the chest, or the thorax (the part of t...
The Respiratory System in Babies
The Respiratory System in Babies Click Image to Enlarge What is respiration? Respiration is the act of breathing in and out. When you inhale, you take in oxygen. When you exhale, you give off carbon dioxide. What makes up the respiratory system? The respiratory system is made up of the organs involved in the interchanges of gases and consists of the: Nose Mouth (oral cavity) Throat (pharynx) Voice box (larynx) Windpipe (trachea) Airways (bronchi) Lungs The upper respiratory tract includes the: Nose Nasa...
Taking Your Baby Home
Taking Your Baby Home Although parents are excited to take their baby home after days or weeks in the NICU, it may cause many parents some anxiety. When a baby is ready for discharge depends on many factors. Each baby must be individually evaluated for readiness and the family must be prepared to provide any special care for the baby. Parents need to be ready to give their baby all the special care he or she will need at home. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has proposed discharge guidelines fo...
Nutrition: Toddler Helpful feeding information for your toddler The toddler (ages 1 to 3) phase can often be challenging when it comes to feeding. Several developmental changes occur at this time. Toddlers are striving for independence and control. Their growth rate slows down and with this comes a decrease in appetite. These changes can make mealtime difficult. It is important for parents to provide structure and set limits for the toddler. The following are suggestions to help manage mealtimes so that...
The Growing Child: Preschool (4 to 5 Years)
The Growing Child: Preschool (4 to 5 Years) What can my child do at this age? As your child continues to grow, you will notice new and exciting abilities that your child develops. While children may progress at different rates, the following are some of the common milestones children may reach in this age group: 4-year-olds: Sings a song Skips and hops on one foot Catches and throws a ball overhand Walks downstairs alone Draws a person with three separate body parts Builds a block tower with 10 blocks U...
The Growing Child
The Growing Child Growth not only involves length and weight of a body, but also includes internal growth and development. A child's brain will grow the most during the first five years of life, reaching 90 percent of its final size. Growth also affects different parts of the body at different rates; the head reaches almost its entire size by age 1. Throughout childhood, a child's body becomes more proportional to other parts of his or her body. Growth is complete between the ages of 16 and 18, at which...
Testing for Birth Defects
Testing for Birth Defects There are many types of tests that may be performed to determine whether a child has a genetic birth defect. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Chromosome Studies: Karyotype, Extended Banding, Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH), and Chromosomal Microarray Analysis Studies for Single Gene Defects: DNA (Direct and Indirect) Biochemical Genetic Testing
Teratogens Teratogens are substances found the in the environment that can cause a birth defect. There are many different teratogens, and some are listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. If you cannot find the information in which you are interested, please visit the Medical Genetics Online Resources page in this website for an Internet/World Wide Web address that may contain additional information on that topic. Teratogens Overview Examples of Teratogens Fet...
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