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Patient Rights and Responsibilities
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Preparing for Pregnancy
Preventing MRSA in Athletes
Preventing MRSA in Athletes Drug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (staph) infections are a hazard for athletes of all ages. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus , commonly known as MRSA, is a type of bacterial infection resistant to common antibiotics such as penicillin. These staph bacteria most often cause minor skin infections in young athletes, but if untreated, it may invade the bloodstream and become a life-threatening infection. Millions of people see their doctor for MRSA skin infections e...
Preventing Opportunistic Infections in HIV/AIDS
Preventing Opportunistic Infections in HIV/AIDS HIV attacks the cells of your body's immune system. You need a strong immune system to fight off germs like bacteria and viruses, so having HIV may give those germs a better opportunity to make you sick. When germs take advantage of your weakened defense system, they are called opportunistic infections. Opportunistic infections that other people might fight off easily could make you really sick if you have HIV. Getting one or more of these infections could...
Pneumoconiosis Pneumoconiosis is one of a group of interstitial lung diseases caused by breathing in certain kinds of dust particles that damage your lungs. Because you are likely to encounter these dusts only in the workplace, pneumoconiosis is called an occupational lung disease. Pneumoconiosis usually take years to develop. Because your lungs can't get rid of all these dust particles, they cause inflammation in your lungs that can eventually lead to scar tissue. Types of pneumoconiosis The disease ap...
Pramlintide Acetate Solution for injection
Pramlintide Acetate Solution for injection What is this medicine? PRAMLINTIDE (PRAM lin tide) is a man-made form of a hormone normally found in the body. It is used to treat type 1 and type 2 diabetes in adults. This medicine works with insulin to control blood sugar. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is for injection under the skin. You will be taught how to prepare and give this medicine. Use exactly as directed. Do not mix this medicine with insulin in the same syringe. Take this medicine...
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI), Coronary Angioplasty, and Stent Placement
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI), Coronary Angioplasty, and Stent Placement Procedure overview Click Image to Enlarge What is coronary angioplasty? Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is performed to open blocked coronary arteries caused by coronary artery disease (CAD) and to restore arterial blood flow to the heart tissue without open-heart surgery. Using a guidewire, a special catheter (long hollow tube) is inserted into the coronary artery and past the blockage in the blockage. The cath...
Pacemaker Insertion Procedure overview What is a pacemaker insertion? A pacemaker insertion is the implantation of a small electronic device that is usually placed in the chest (just below the collarbone) to help regulate slow electrical problems with the heart. A pacemaker may be recommended to ensure that the heartbeat does not slow to a dangerously low rate. The heart's electrical system Click Image to Enlarge The heart is basically a pump made up of muscle tissue that is stimulated by electrical cur...
Pap Test (Pap Smear, Pap Screening, Papanicolaou Test) Procedure overview What is a Pap test? A Pap test, named after Dr. George Papanicolaou who designed the test, is a screening test to collect and microscopically examine cells taken from the cervix, the lower, narrow part of the uterus (womb) located between the bladder and the rectum. The cervix forms a canal that opens into the vagina, which leads to the outside of the body. With a Pap test, cells can be collected from the vagina as well as the cer...
Pulmonary Function Tests
Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs, Pulmonary Function Studies, Lung Function Studies/Tests, Airflow Assessment) Procedure overview What are pulmonary function tests? Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are noninvasive diagnostic tests that provide measurable feedback about the function of the lungs. By assessing lung volumes, capacities, rates of flow, and gas exchange, PFTs provide information that, when evaluated by your doctor, can help diagnosis certain lung disorders. A normally-functioning pulmonary syst...
Pulmonary Angiogram (Angiogram-Pulmonary, Pulmonary Angiography, Pulmonary Arteriogram, Pulmonary Arteriography, Angiogram of the Lungs) Procedure overview What is a pulmonary angiogram? An angiogram, also called an arteriogram, is an X-ray image of the blood vessels. It is performed to evaluate various vascular conditions, such as an aneurysm (ballooning of a blood vessel), stenosis (narrowing of a blood vessel), or blockages. A pulmonary angiogram is an angiogram of the blood vessels of the lungs. A p...
Pleural Biopsy (Biopsy-Pleural, Percutaneous Pleural Biopsy) Procedure overview A biopsy is a procedure performed to remove tissue or cells from the body for examination under a microscope. A pleural biopsy is a procedure in which a sample of the pleura (the membrane that surrounds the lungs) is removed with a special biopsy needle or during surgery to determine if infection, cancer, or another condition is present. There are three types of pleural biopsies: Needle biopsy. After a local anesthetic is gi...
Pancreas Scan (Pancreas Scintigraphy) Procedure overview What is a pancreas scan? A pancreas scan is a specialized radiology procedure used to assess the pancreas for the presence of a specific type of tumor. A pancreas scan is a type of nuclear radiology procedure. This means that a tiny amount of a radioactive substance is used during the procedure to assist in the examination of the pancreas. A pancreas scan may also be used to treat certain malignant tumors of the pancreas. In many nuclear medicine ...
Prostate Cancer Prostate cancer statistics The fear of having prostate cancer can be devastating to men. However, it is most successfully treated when found early. Consider these statistics from the American Cancer Society (ACS): More than 90 percent of all prostate cancers are discovered while they are either localized (confined to the prostate) or regional (nearby). The five-year survival rate for men diagnosed with prostate tumors discovered at these stages is nearly 100 percent. In the past 25 years...
Preventing Heart Disease
Preventing Injuries at Work
Pros, Cons to Dissolving Lung Clots: Study
Pros, Cons to Dissolving Lung Clots: Study TUESDAY, June 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Drugs used to break up blood clots in the lungs may lower the risk of death, but they also increase the risk of bleeding, a new study finds. Researchers analyzed data from 16 trials involving use of clot-busting drugs called thrombolytics to treat life-threatening clots in the lungs (pulmonary embolism). Despite the drugs' apparent life-saving benefits, the risk of major bleeding, particularly in the brain, remains a c...
Parents of a Child With Autism Often Forgo Further Childbearing: Study
Parents of a Child With Autism Often Forgo Further Childbearing: Study WEDNESDAY, June 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Couples who have a child with autism are much less likely to have more children compared to other parents, a new study finds. One expert wasn't surprised by the finding. "Clearly, parenting a child with an autism spectrum disorder requires a huge commitment of time, energy and money; this is a stress to couples and impacts siblings," said Dr. Ron Marino, associate chairman of the departmen...
Popular Crohn's, Colitis Drugs Not Linked to Short-Term Cancer Risk: Study
Popular Crohn's, Colitis Drugs Not Linked to Short-Term Cancer Risk: Study WEDNESDAY, June 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A popular class of drugs used to treat inflammatory bowel disease isn't linked to an increase in the short-term risk of cancer, Danish researchers report. Researchers found that people with Crohn's disease or colitis who received the drugs -- tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-a) antagonists -- had about the same risk of cancer as other people with these inflammatory bowel diseases who w...
People With Heart Disease, Diabetes May Be More Likely to Stay on Statins
People With Heart Disease, Diabetes May Be More Likely to Stay on Statins MONDAY, June 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- People who have heart disease or diabetes, the overweight or obese and former smokers are most likely to keep taking cholesterol-lowering statins, a new study finds. Previous research has shown that as many 46 percent of patients who are prescribed statins stop taking them. Nearly one in 10 cardiovascular events are linked to failure to take prescribed drugs, according to background inform...
Pavement Sealant Ban Linked to Cleaner Lake Water
Pavement Sealant Ban Linked to Cleaner Lake Water TUESDAY, June 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Banning certain types of pavement sealants led to lower levels of cancer-causing compounds in a lake in Austin, Texas, a new study showed. In 2006, the city became the first in the United States to ban pavement sealants made from coal tar, which were putting high amounts of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) into the environment. Studies have shown that PAHs cause cancer in animals and there are concerns th...
Pediatrics Group Wants Parents to Read to Their Children Every Day
Pediatrics Group Wants Parents to Read to Their Children Every Day TUESDAY, June 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- All pediatricians should encourage parents to read out loud to their children every day, beginning in infancy, to promote literacy and strengthen family ties. That clarion call comes in a new policy statement issued Tuesday by the American Academy of Pediatrics' Council on Early Childhood. The aim of the recommendation is to help parents "immunize their children against illiteracy," said stateme...
Persistent Cough in Kids Can Often Be Whooping Cough
Persistent Cough in Kids Can Often Be Whooping Cough WEDNESDAY, June 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- One-fifth of British school-age children who visit their doctors because of a persistent cough are diagnosed with whooping cough, according to a new study. What's more, most of the children have been fully vaccinated, the study authors reported. "Pertussis [whooping cough] can still be found in a fifth of school-age children who present in primary care with persistent cough and can cause clinically signific...
Poorly Understood Disorder Disables Many Younger Women
Poorly Understood Disorder Disables Many Younger Women MONDAY, June 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A condition that causes a racing heartbeat when people stand up primarily affects young, well-educated women and has a serious impact on their lives because it is poorly understood and treated, according to a new study. The disorder -- postural tachycardia syndrome (PoTS) -- occurs because of improper functioning of the circulatory and nervous system responses to the stress placed on the body when a person s...
Paralyzed Person to Kick Off World Cup
Paralyzed Person to Kick Off World Cup WEDNESDAY, June 11, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A paralyzed person who will be strapped into a robotic "suit" with artificial skin will take the first kick-off of the World Cup in Brazil when the tournament starts Thursday. Eight Brazilians who are paralyzed from the waist down have spent months training to use what scientists call an "exoskeleton," according to the Walk Again Project, an international collaboration of more than 100 scientists. The robotic system work...
Parents' Sleep May Affect Child's Risk of Obesity: Study
Parents' Sleep May Affect Child's Risk of Obesity: Study WEDNESDAY, June 11, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The amount of sleep parents get may affect whether their children get enough sleep to protect them from becoming overweight or obese, according to a new study. "We viewed how long parents slept and how long children slept as part of a household routine and found that they really did go together," study author Barbara Fiese, director of the Family Resiliency Center at the University of Illinois in Urbana...
Pregnant or Breast-feeding Women Urged to Eat More Fish
Pregnant or Breast-feeding Women Urged to Eat More Fish TUESDAY, June 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant or breast-feeding women should increase their weekly consumption of fish, as long as it's lower in mercury, according to new advice issued Tuesday by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The two agencies now recommend that women eat at least 8 ounces and up to 12 ounces per week of low-mercury fish, to support fetal growth and development. That equate...
Poor Sleep May Lead to Worse Grades for College Students
Poor Sleep May Lead to Worse Grades for College Students FRIDAY, June 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Instead of staying up studying all night, college students might want to try a new way to improve their grades: get a good night's sleep. Researchers report that having trouble sleeping is as strong a predictor of falling grades as binge drinking or smoking marijuana. They noted that undergrads who don't sleep well are much more likely to have lower grades or withdraw from a class than other students who ge...
People Under 65 Hard Hit by Flu This Year
People Under 65 Hard Hit by Flu This Year THURSDAY, June 5, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- H1N1 flu was the most common influenza strain in the United States this year, according to the latest report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. As in previous years, H1N1 disproportionately affected younger people -- nearly 60 percent of the 9,635 confirmed flu-related hospitalizations occurred in people between the ages of 18 and 64 years. And, people between the ages of 50 and 64 years had the h...
Pot Use Might Be Linked to Abnormal Sperm
Pot Use Might Be Linked to Abnormal Sperm THURSDAY, June 5, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Marijuana use might affect the size and shape of a young man's sperm, possibly impairing his fertility, a new study claims. "Our data suggests that cannabis users might be advised to stop using the drug if they are planning to try and start a family," study author Dr. Allan Pacey, a senior lecturer at the University of Sheffield in England, said in a university news release. "Our knowledge of factors that influence sper...
Podcast: Breast Implants May Hinder Breast Cancer Diagnosis
Breast Implants May Hinder Breast Cancer Diagnosis Contrary to what you may think, women with breast implants aren't immune to breast cancer. In fact, a recent study suggests they may be more likely to be diagnosed with later-stage disease. Play Audio
Podcast: Could You Have Prediabetes?
Could You Have Prediabetes? Most people have heard of diabetes – and may even know someone who has it. But what about prediabetes? If you aren’t aware of it, you’re not the only one. Play Audio
Podcast: Start Sun Protection Young
Start Sun Protection Young Sunscreen may already be a family staple for a trip to the beach or an afternoon by the pool. But protecting your child from skin cancer requires more than a dab of sun defense. Play Audio
Podcast: Be Smart About Sleep Aids
Be Smart About Sleep Aids Sleep can be elusive. On some nights, we easily cozy up with it. On others, it may linger frustratingly out of reach. Struggling for some shuteye may entice you to try a sleep aid. Used properly, sleep aids can help. But they aren’t without risks. Play Audio
Podcast: Bison: Give It a Grill
Bison: Give It a Grill To many people, grilling signifies summer: steaks, hamburgers, hot dogs, and ribs. You may also want to toss some bison on those grates. Low in saturated fat and cholesterol, it may be a healthier alternative to other red meats. Play Audio
Podcast: Considering Birth Control? Know Your Options
Considering Birth Control? Know Your Options Women today have more birth control options than ever before. The condom, the pill, the patch—to name just a few. In fact, more than three-quarters of sexually active women in the U.S. have tried at least three different methods of contraception. Play Audio
Podcast: Do Toxic Metals Lurk in Your Lipstick?
Do Toxic Metals Lurk in Your Lipstick? Many women pucker up with shades like Ripened Red, Plum Luck, and Instant Mocha. Coloring the lips has been a beauty basic for centuries. A recent study, though, questions whether a daily dab of lipstick or gloss is a harmless habit. Play Audio
Podcast: Do Ultrasonic Bug Repellent Devices Work?
Do Ultrasonic Bug Repellent Devices Work? Many people detest bugs, especially when they find them in their homes. Keeping bugs at bay may prompt you to try just about anything-maybe even ultrasonic bug repellent devices. Play Audio
Podcast: Enjoying Nature May Give Your Brain a Break
Enjoying Nature May Give Your Brain a Break We live in a hectic world. The constant demands of technology and life’s many responsibilities can become overwhelming. Looking for a much-needed reprieve? Visit Mother Nature. Ongoing research suggests that the natural world may benefit your brain. Play Audio
Podcast: Family Focus: Less Sodium for All
Family Focus: Less Sodium for All Your child probably loves pizza. And how about hot dogs, lunch meat, or cheese? In addition to being many kids' favorites, these foods are high in sodium. They contribute to a startling fact: Many children eat as much sodium as adults in the U.S. Play Audio
Podcast: Good Skin Care Essential if You Have Diabetes
Good Skin Care Essential if You Have Diabetes As your body’s largest organ, your skin is a master multitasker. It keeps fluids in, preventing dehydration. It regulates body temperature. It senses external stimuli, such as pain. It produces vitamin D from sunlight. Play Audio
Podcast: How Safe Is Your Home?
How Safe Is Your Home? A home should be a haven—a place where you rest and enjoy time with family—a place of safety and security. But that isn't always the case. Play Audio
Podcast: Job Burnout May Be Hard on Your Heart
Job Burnout May Be Hard on Your Heart A lengthy to-do list, a fast-approaching deadline, conflict with a colleague—many people struggle with such on-the-job stressors. When constant and overwhelming, this stress can lead to job burnout. Play Audio
Podcast: More Americans Expected to Face Heart Failure
More Americans Expected to Face Heart Failure We’re living longer these days. Unfortunately, a longer life doesn’t necessarily mean a healthier one. Many Americans are struggling with chronic health conditions—and even more of us will in the future. Case in point: heart failure. Play Audio
Podcast: PTSD Not Uncommon After Breast Cancer Diagnosis
PSTD Not Uncommon After Breast Cancer Diagnosis A traumatic event, such as a natural disaster or a severe car accident, can trigger feelings of anxiety and distress—maybe even post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). So, too, can a breast cancer diagnosis. Play Audio
Podcast: Stay Safe on the Water This Summer
Stay Safe on the Water This Summer The tug of the tow line, the rush of the water beneath you. If you’ve ever tried water tubing, you probably agree that it can certainly be fun. It can also be hazardous. A recent study has documented an alarming rise in the number of water-tubing injuries. Play Audio
Podcast: Younger Women Need to Be Vigilant About Breast Cancer
Younger Women Need to Be Vigilant About Breast Cancer As you grow older, your chance of developing breast cancer increases. In fact, two-thirds of cases occur in women ages 55 and older. Play Audio
Podcast: 4 Heart-Related Conditions You Can Work to Prevent
4 Heart-Related Conditions You Can Work to Prevent Here’s a heart-stuttering statistic: Every 40 seconds, someone in the U.S. dies from heart disease. Many of those deaths could be prevented. How? Start with being better informed about what it takes to keep your heart healthy. Play Audio
Podcast: A Healthy Heart Can Help Prevent Erectile Dysfunction
A Healthy Heart Can Help Prevent Erectile Dysfunction More men feel comfortable these days talking with their doctors about erectile dysfunction (ED). That's particularly good news for their hearts. Research has shown that ED may be a harbinger of future heart problems. Play Audio
Podcast: Are Multivitamins Worth the Cost?
Are Multivitamins Worth the Cost? A pill packed with lots of nutrients—a multivitamin—may seem like the perfect shortcut to healthy living. Chances are, though, you’re already getting all the vitamins and minerals you need from the foods you eat. Play Audio
Podcast: Binge Drinking: A Woman’s Health Concern
Binge Drinking: A Woman’s Health Concern Many women drink alcohol – whether it’s to celebrate a special event or maybe to relax with friends. An occasional drink usually isn’t a concern. Moderate amounts of alcohol may even protect against coronary heart disease. Play Audio
Podcast: Bone Health Isn’t Just a Woman's Concern
Bone Health Isn’t Just a Woman’s Concern Many men may rank heart disease as a top health concern. Focused on their tickers, they may ignore or not realize how important bone health is, too. Osteoporosis—a disease that weakens and breaks bones—affects upward of 9 million men in the U.S. Play Audio
Podcast: Breast Cancer May Be More Deadly for Some Women
Breast Cancer May Be More Deadly for Some Women Breast cancer doesn’t discriminate. Women of all ages, races, and ethnicities – men, too – can develop it. For some women, though – in particular, African-Americans – breast cancer can be more deadly. Many factors play a role in this disparity. Play Audio
Podcast: Children Can Suffer ACL Injuries, Too
Children Can Suffer ACL Injuries, Too Parents of young athletes may expect the occasional bruise, scrape, or pulled muscle. But an injury to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) may seem a more likely concern for a professional running back or a slam-dunking hoop star. Play Audio
Podcast: Diabetes and Depression: A Troubling Connection
Diabetes and Depression: A Troubling Connection How you feel physically can certainly influence how you feel mentally. A prime example of that connection is diabetes and depression. Ongoing research suggests that people with either health condition are at higher risk of developing the other. Play Audio
Podcast: Easing Your Concerns About a Prostate Exam
Easing Your Concerns About a Prostate Exam Like the Pap test for women, a digital rectal exam, or DRE, makes many men feel uncomfortable or embarrassed. Knowing more about this common procedure can ease your concerns and help you prepare for your first - or subsequent - DRE. Play Audio
Podcast: Energy Drinks: Not a Good Choice for Children
Energy Drinks: Not a Good Choice for Children Energy drinks exude an ethos that attracts many children and young adults. Although these beverages may be considered cool, they're not a healthy choice for your child. Play Audio
Podcast: For Diabetes: Go Mediterranean
For Diabetes: Go Mediterranean Eating a nutritious diet is important when you have diabetes. Piling your plate with certain foods—such as fruits and vegetables, beans, and whole grains—can help you better control blood sugar levels. Enter the Mediterranean diet. Play Audio
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200 West Church Street, Lexington, TN 38351
Copyright 2015. All rights reserved.