Patient Rights and Responsibilities
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Patient Rights and Responsibilities
Low-Income Southerners at Highest Risk for Vision Loss
Low-Income Southerners at Highest Risk for Vision Loss FRIDAY, May 22, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- New U.S. government research connects eyesight problems with poverty, and reveals that people in the southern part of the country have the highest prevalence of both poverty and severe vision loss. In fact, most of the counties that rank in the top 25 percent for severe vision loss and poverty are in the South, according to Dr. Jinan Saaddine, team leader of the Vision Health Initiative in the Division of Dia...
Learning Daily Skills Prepares Kids With Autism for Adult Life
Learning Daily Skills Prepares Kids With Autism for Adult Life THURSDAY, May 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Adults with autism have a better chance of finding and keeping a job if they can effectively perform basic daily tasks, such as bathing, brushing their teeth, cleaning and preparing meals, new research reveals. Investigators found that having strong self-care skills appears to be a more important predictor of employment success than an individual's intellect or symptom severity. "What we know about ...
Local Anesthesia May Be Best for Infants During Surgery
Local Anesthesia May Be Best for Infants During Surgery THURSDAY, May 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- New research suggests infants may recover better after some kinds of surgery if they receive local anesthesia -- which only numbs part of the body -- instead of being "knocked out" completely with general anesthesia. Young patients who had local anesthesia were less likely to suffer from disrupted breathing following hernia surgery, the study found. "Our research provides the strongest evidence to date on ...
Little Risk of Vitamin D Toxicity, Study Says
Little Risk of Vitamin D Toxicity, Study Says WEDNESDAY, May 6, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The risk for developing vitamin D toxicity is rare, researchers have found. With vitamin D supplementation on the rise, investigators set out to assess the odds of developing dangerously high blood calcium levels. "The evidence is clear that vitamin D toxicity is one of the rarest medical conditions and is typically due to intentional or inadvertent intake of extremely high doses," Dr. Michael Holick wrote in an edi...
Learn to Recognize the Signs of an Alcohol Problem
Learn to Recognize the Signs of an Alcohol Problem TUESDAY, May 5, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- More than 17 million Americans suffer from alcohol abuse or dependence. But not everyone can tell when heavy drinking crosses the line to alcoholism. To help people identify when drinking becomes a problem, Dr. William Jacobs, chief of addiction medicine at Georgia Regents University's Medical College of Georgia, outlined five major signs of alcohol abuse or dependence: One is a high tolerance for alcohol, which ...
Lots of Leafy Greens Might Shield Aging Brains, Study Finds
Lots of Leafy Greens Might Shield Aging Brains, Study Finds MONDAY, March 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A single serving of leafy green vegetables each day may help keep dementia away, new research suggests. Researchers evaluated the eating habits and mental ability of more than 950 older adults for an average of five years. Those who consumed one or two servings of foods such as spinach, kale, mustard greens and/or collards daily experienced slower mental deterioration than those who ate no leafy greens...
Latest Diabetes Care Guidelines Focus on Individual Approach
Latest Diabetes Care Guidelines Focus on Individual Approach MONDAY, March 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- When caring for people with diabetes, primary care doctors need to tailor blood sugar targets and treatments to the individual patient, new recommendations suggest. That's just one of the guidelines highlighted in an article that experts from the Joslin Diabetes Center in Boston published in the March 23 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine . The article summarizes important changes in the America...
L.A. Law Curbing Fast Food Didn't Cut Obesity Rates: Study
L.A. Law Curbing Fast Food Didn't Cut Obesity Rates: Study THURSDAY, March 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A Los Angeles law that restricts the opening of new fast food restaurants in poor areas has not lowered obesity rates among people who live in those neighborhoods, a new study finds. "The South Los Angeles fast food ban may have symbolic value, but it has had no measurable impact in improving diets or reducing obesity," study author Roland Sturm, a senior economist at RAND Corp., said in a news releas...
Live Liver Transplants Seem Safe, Effective for Sudden Liver Failure
Live Liver Transplants Seem Safe, Effective for Sudden Liver Failure THURSDAY, March 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Liver transplants from live donors appear to work just as well as traditional transplants for patients with sudden (acute) liver failure, new research suggests. What's more, people who donate a portion of their liver (live donors) don't seem to have any serious complications as a result of the donation procedure. "Since acute liver failure can deteriorate within hours or days to coma or deat...
Low Vaccination Rates Likely Behind Disney Measles Outbreak: Study
Low Vaccination Rates Likely Behind Disney Measles Outbreak: Study MONDAY, March 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Pockets of unvaccinated children appear to have fueled the recent measles outbreak traced to Disney theme parks in California, researchers report. "The Disneyland outbreak is quite possibly a direct consequence of the growing anti-vaccination movement in the United States," said study author Maimuna Majumder, a research fellow at Boston Children's Hospital. Although the person who started the ou...
Love Coffee? Your Heart May, Too
Love Coffee? Your Heart May, Too MONDAY, March 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Drinking three to five cups of coffee a day may reduce the risk of developing clogged arteries, which in turn might reduce the risk for heart attack, a new study suggests. "We found that drinking three to five cups a day was associated with less calcium build-up in the arteries," said researcher Dr. Eliseo Guallar, a professor from the department of epidemiology and medicine at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in B...
Long Sleep Time, Higher Stroke Risk?
Long Sleep Time, Higher Stroke Risk? WEDNESDAY, Feb. 25, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Adults who sleep more than eight hours a night may face a higher risk of stroke, a new analysis suggests. These so-called "long sleepers" were 46 percent more likely to have a stroke than those who got only six to eight hours of sleep a night, the researchers found. However, the researchers don't know if the long sleep is a cause, consequence or early warning sign of declining brain health. After reviewing previous researc...
Leading Medical Groups Call for Measures to Reduce Gun Injuries, Deaths
Leading Medical Groups Call for Measures to Reduce Gun Injuries, Deaths MONDAY, Feb. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Urgent action is needed to reduce gun injuries and deaths in the United States, say several leading medical groups that offer a number of recommendations to achieve that goal. "Along with our colleagues in law and public health, those of us who represent the nation's physicians realize that there are significant political and philosophical differences about firearm ownership and regulation i...
Low Levels of Vitamin D Linked to Type 2 Diabetes Risk
Low Levels of Vitamin D Linked to Type 2 Diabetes Risk MONDAY, Feb. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- People with low levels of vitamin D appear to have an increased risk for type 2 diabetes, even if they aren't overweight or obese, a new study suggests. The study included almost 150 people in Spain. Their vitamin D levels were checked, as was their body mass index (BMI -- an estimate of body fat based on height and weight). They also had tests for diabetes, prediabetes or other blood sugar (glucose) metabol...
Low Cancer Risk With Device Used to Remove Fibroids, Study Finds
Low Cancer Risk With Device Used to Remove Fibroids, Study Finds THURSDAY, Feb. 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A small power tool that is sometimes used to remove fibroids in the uterus can end up spreading bits of hidden cancerous tumors throughout the abdomen, but a new study suggests the likelihood is low. Researchers called the findings, reported online Feb. 19 in JAMA Oncology , "reassuring." But the device, called a power morcellator, remains under restricted use. Until recently, doctors commonly us...
Light Activity a Boost to Seniors' Hearts
Light Activity a Boost to Seniors' Hearts WEDNESDAY, Feb. 18, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Light physical activity may benefit older adults' hearts -- even if they have mobility issues, a new study suggests. It's well known that regular exercise can do a heart good, at any age. But there's little evidence on whether light activity can benefit older adults with physical impairments -- such as knee arthritis -- that limit their ability to exercise. "We hear the advice to get at least 30 minutes of moderate ex...
Lenvima Approved for Common Thyroid Cancer
Lenvima Approved for Common Thyroid Cancer FRIDAY, Feb. 13, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Lenvima (lenvatinib) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) that has progressed despite radioactive iodine therapy, the agency said Friday in a news release. DTC is the most common type of thyroid cancer, the FDA said. Nearly 63,000 Americans were diagnosed with thyroid cancer in 2014 and about 1,890 died from it, according to the U.S. National Cancer Inst...
Lower Blood Pressure Reduces First Stroke Risk: Study
Lower Blood Pressure Reduces First Stroke Risk: Study WEDNESDAY, Feb. 11, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Keeping the top number in a blood pressure reading below 140 helps reduce the risk of stroke in healthy people 60 and older, according to a new study. The findings challenge a report published last year in the Journal of the American Medical Association . The 2014 report said that doctors should aim for blood pressure readings of 150/90 mm Hg or lower for patients 60 and older who do not have diabetes or c...
Low Vitamin D Levels in Childhood May Raise Heart Risks: Study
Low Vitamin D Levels in Childhood May Raise Heart Risks: Study TUESDAY, Feb. 10, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Adults who had low vitamin D levels as children and teens may be more likely to have hardening of the arteries, a new study suggests. Artery hardening is associated with heart disease. The study included more than 2,100 people in Finland. Their vitamin D levels were measured at ages 3 to 18, and they were checked for artery hardening at ages 30 to 45. Those with the lowest vitamin D levels when they...
Loved Ones Caring for Brain-Injured Veterans May Face Health Risks
Loved Ones Caring for Brain-Injured Veterans May Face Health Risks MONDAY, Feb. 9, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Some loved ones who care for veterans with brain injuries may be at increased risk for chronic health problems, a new study indicates. "Traumatic brain injuries can result in devastating physical and cognitive [mental] impairments," study co-author Karen Saban, an associate professor in the School of Nursing at Loyola University Chicago, said in a university news release. "Grief, anger and blame a...
Latest Measles Count: 121 Cases in 17 States and D.C.
Latest Measles Count: 121 Cases in 17 States and D.C. MONDAY, Feb. 9, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The number of measles cases in the United States has reached 121 patients in 17 states and the District of Columbia, federal health officials reported Monday. The outbreak began at two Disney theme parks in southern California in December. It's believed that the source of the infection was likely a foreign visitor or a U.S. resident returning from abroad. Measles is still common in many parts of the world, inc...
Lucentis Approved for Diabetic Retinopathy
Lucentis Approved for Diabetic Retinopathy MONDAY, Feb. 9, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A drug to treat the most common eye disease among diabetics has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Lucentis (ranibizumab) has been sanctioned to treat diabetic retinopathy, the leading cause of blindness among adults in the United States, the FDA said in a news release. In 2008, one-third of diabetic adults 40 or older had some form of diabetic retinopathy, the agency said. Lucentis, a once-monthly i...
Lyme Disease More Serious, Costly Than Believed: Study
Lyme Disease More Serious, Costly Than Believed: Study FRIDAY, Feb. 6, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Prolonged illness in Americans with Lyme disease is more widespread, serious and costly than previously believed, a new study suggests. The study authors -- from Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore -- found that Lyme disease has a much greater impact on patients and the health system, costing up to $1.3 billion a year to treat. The investigators analyzed nearly 52,800 cases of Lyme di...
Less Commonly Used Obesity Surgery Tied to More Weight Loss
Less Commonly Used Obesity Surgery Tied to More Weight Loss THURSDAY, Feb. 5, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A less-popular type of weight loss surgery might actually lead to more weight loss than gastric bypass -- the currently favored form of obesity surgery. But, the trade-off seems to be more complications, new research suggests. A small comparative analysis found that a procedure called biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (or simply "duodenal switch") seems to lead to greater weight loss than ...
Lung Cancer No. 1 Cancer Killer of Women in Wealthy Nations
Lung Cancer No. 1 Cancer Killer of Women in Wealthy Nations WEDNESDAY, Feb. 4, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Lung cancer has overtaken breast cancer as the leading cancer killer of women in developed countries, reflecting changing smoking patterns among females worldwide, a new report shows. Legions of women began smoking four decades ago, and the dire consequences are just being seen now in wealthy countries, the researchers explained. Lung cancer has been the leading cause of cancer deaths among men in dev...
Lead Exposure May Be Bigger Threat to Boys Than Girls
Lead Exposure May Be Bigger Threat to Boys Than Girls FRIDAY, Jan. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Hormones may explain why lead exposure is less likely to cause brain damage in girls than in boys, researchers report. Specifically, the female hormones estrogen and estradiol may help protect against lead's harmful effects on the frontal areas of the brain, according to the findings published recently in the Journal of Environmental Health . "The study supports existing research suggesting that estrogen and ...
Little Improvement in Children Paralyzed After Viral Infection, Study Finds
Little Improvement in Children Paralyzed After Viral Infection, Study Finds THURSDAY, Jan. 29, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A cluster of 12 Colorado children are suffering muscle weakness and paralysis similar to that caused by polio, and doctors are concerned these cases could be linked to a nationwide outbreak of what's usually a rare respiratory virus. Despite treatment, 10 of the children first diagnosed late last summer still have ongoing problems, the authors noted, and it's not known if their limb we...
Liberals, Independents Win Life Span Sweepstakes, Study Claims
Liberals, Independents Win Life Span Sweepstakes, Study Claims WEDNESDAY, Jan. 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Liberals are in luck when it comes to longevity, new research contends. Compared to people with conservative and moderate political ideologies, liberals were less likely to die over the course of a 30-year review. But party lines did not determine life span, with Independents faring better than Republicans and Democrats, according to the study published Jan. 28 in the Journal of Epidemiology &...
Looking to Boost Your Exercise Level? Here Are Some Helpful Tips
Looking to Boost Your Exercise Level? Here Are Some Helpful Tips SATURDAY, Jan. 24, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The excitement and anticipation surrounding the upcoming Super Bowl may prompt some people to take up a new sport or up their levels of physical activity. And, while more exercise is a healthy goal, experts from the National Athletic Trainers' Association (NATA) advise that it's important to start gradually and take certain safety precautions when returning to an activity or picking up a new one....
Leaks in Brain May Contribute to Dementia
Leaks in Brain May Contribute to Dementia WEDNESDAY, Jan. 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Age-related blood vessel leaks in the brain may contribute to the development of Alzheimer's disease and other types of dementia, according to a new study. The findings suggest it may be possible to use brain scans to detect such leaks and repair them in order to prevent damage that can lead to dementia, the University of Southern California researchers said. The investigators analyzed contrast-enhanced brain images f...
Lung Transplants From Heavy Drinkers Linked to Higher Complication Risk
Lung Transplants From Heavy Drinkers Linked to Higher Complication Risk WEDNESDAY, Jan. 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Lung transplant recipients who receive lungs from donors who were heavy drinkers may be much more likely to develop a life-threatening complication, a new study suggests. The study included 173 lung transplant patients. One-quarter of them received lungs from heavy drinkers. Heavy drinking is defined as more than three drinks a day or seven drinks a week for women, and more than four drin...
Life Satisfaction Linked to Bone Health in Older Women
Life Satisfaction Linked to Bone Health in Older Women FRIDAY, Jan. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Older women who are satisfied with their lives may have better bone health, a new Finnish study suggests. Up to half of all women older than 50 will develop the bone-thinning disease osteoporosis, which can lead to serious bone fractures, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine. Major risk factors for osteoporosis include menopause, slight frame, smoking, low calcium intake, and certain medication...
Lack of Exercise More Deadly Than Obesity, Study Suggests
Lack of Exercise More Deadly Than Obesity, Study Suggests WEDNESDAY, Jan. 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Being sedentary may be twice as deadly as being obese, a new study suggests. However, even a little exercise -- a brisk 20-minute walk each day, for example -- is enough to reduce the risk of an early death by as much as 30 percent, the British researchers added. "Efforts to encourage small increases in physical activity in inactive individuals likely have significant health benefits," said lead author...
Low Vitamin D Levels Linked to Risk of Preterm Birth in Study
Low Vitamin D Levels Linked to Risk of Preterm Birth in Study THURSDAY, Jan. 8, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Women who have low blood levels of vitamin D during pregnancy are more likely to give birth prematurely, a new study suggests. Women with the lowest levels of vitamin D were about 1.5 times as likely to deliver early compared to those with the highest levels, the investigators found. That finding held true even after the researchers accounted for other factors linked to preterm birth, such as overwei...
Lynparza Approved for Advanced Ovarian Cancer
Lynparza Approved for Advanced Ovarian Cancer FRIDAY, Dec. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Lynparza (olaparib) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat advanced ovarian cancer associated with defective BRCA genes, the agency said Friday in a news release. Nearly 22,000 women in the United States are projected to be diagnosed this year with ovarian cancer, and more than 14,000 will die from it, the U.S. National Cancer Institute estimates. Lynparza was approved with a companion di...
Loss of Teeth Linked to Physical, Mental Decline in Study
Loss of Teeth Linked to Physical, Mental Decline in Study FRIDAY, Dec. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Older adults who have lost all their teeth have faster decreases in memory and walking ability than people who still have at least some of their teeth, a new study says. The findings suggest that total tooth loss could provide an early warning of increased risk of physical and mental decline in older people, the British researchers said. However, the findings don't prove that tooth loss causes the physica...
Low-Fat Diet May Boost Survival for Some Breast Cancer Patients
Low-Fat Diet May Boost Survival for Some Breast Cancer Patients FRIDAY, Dec. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Eating a low-fat diet may reduce the risk of early death in some women with breast cancer, according to new research. The low-fat diet seemed particularly helpful for early stage breast cancer patients with so-called estrogen receptor-negative (ER-negative) disease. These women had a 36 percent reduced risk of death from any cause over 15 years if they ate a low-fat diet for five years following the...
Longer Breast-Feeding May Protect Infants at Risk for Obesity
Longer Breast-Feeding May Protect Infants at Risk for Obesity THURSDAY, Dec. 4, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For babies at high risk for obesity, the longer they breast-feed, the less likely they may be to become overweight, a new study suggests. "Breast-feeding for longer durations appears to have a protective effect against the early signs of overweight and obesity," said lead researcher Stacy Carling, a doctoral candidate in nutrition at Cornell University, in Ithaca, N.Y. Carling and her colleagues foll...
Laser Used to Remove Tattoos May Help Reduce Acne Scars
Laser Used to Remove Tattoos May Help Reduce Acne Scars THURSDAY, Nov. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The same kind of laser that is used to remove tattoos may reduce scarring from acne, a small pilot study shows. Acne is the most common skin disease in the United States, according to the U.S. National Institutes of Health, and another type of laser is already used to treat scarring from the condition. However, the laser tested in this new study transmits lower energy doses and was used with a special add...
Low Levels of Vitamin D May Raise Early Death Risk: Study
Low Levels of Vitamin D May Raise Early Death Risk: Study WEDNESDAY, Nov. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Having low levels of vitamin D because of your genetics may raise the risk of early death, a new study suggests. But the risk is not linked with early death due to heart-related causes, the researchers added. The study, by Borge Nordestgaard of Herlev Hospital, Copenhagen University Hospital in Herlev, Denmark, and colleagues involved more than 95,000 white people of Danish descent in Copenhagen. The p...
Long-Term Use of Aspirin Plus Blood Thinner Is Safe: Study
Long-Term Use of Aspirin Plus Blood Thinner Is Safe: Study MONDAY, Nov. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Heart attack and stroke patients can safely take aspirin combined with a blood-thinning medication, new research confirms. The blood-thinning combination won't increase a patient's risk of early death, according to a new study presented Sunday at the annual meeting of the American Heart Association in Chicago. The report was also published online Nov. 16 in The Lancet . Analysis of data from more than a ...
Last U.S. Ebola Patient Leaves NYC Hospital 'Healthy, No Longer Infectious'
Last U.S. Ebola Patient Leaves NYC Hospital 'Healthy, No Longer Infectious' TUESDAY, Nov. 11, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Dr. Craig Spencer, the last patient hospitalized for Ebola in the United States, left Bellevue Hospital in New York City Tuesday and is now free of the virus, his doctors say. "Today I am healthy and no longer infectious," Spencer said at a morning news conference. "My early detection, reporting and now recovery from Ebola speaks to the effectiveness of protocols that are in place for h...
Laundry Detergent Pods Pose Poisoning Risk to Kids, Study Says
Laundry Detergent Pods Pose Poisoning Risk to Kids, Study Says MONDAY, Nov. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Laundry detergent "pods" seriously sickened more than 700 U.S. children and killed at least one in a recent two-year period, a new report reveals. Poison control centers across the country logged more than 17,000 calls about children exposed to the convenient laundry aids during that same period, researchers also found. "Something about these pods makes them highly toxic. They pose a very serious poi...
Lower Doses of Rheumatoid Arthritis Drugs May Work for Some
Lower Doses of Rheumatoid Arthritis Drugs May Work for Some WEDNESDAY, Nov. 5, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Some people in the early stages of rheumatoid arthritis may be able to safely lower their medication doses once their symptoms are well under control, a new study suggests. In a clinical trial, British researchers found that many patients were able to remain in remission for months after their doctors lowered their doses of the drugs methotrexate and Enbrel (etanercept). What's more, some continued to...
Lung Cancer Screening Can Be Cost Effective, Study Reports
Lung Cancer Screening Can Be Cost Effective, Study Reports WEDNESDAY, Nov. 5, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Lung cancer screening with CT scans can be cost-effective while saving lives, a new study suggests. But, there are two caveats to that finding -- the procedure has to be performed by skilled professionals and the screening must be done on a very specific set of long-time smokers, the researchers noted. Results from the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) showed four years ago that annual CT scans can ...
Long-Term Shift Work May Drain the Brain, Study Reports
Long-Term Shift Work May Drain the Brain, Study Reports MONDAY, Nov. 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Working non-standard hours -- often called "shift work" -- for many years is not only hard on the body, but may also dull the mind, new research suggests. According to the study, those who do shift work for more than 10 years seem to have the equivalent of an extra 6.5 years of age-related decline in memory and thinking skills. This study, however, only found an association between shift work and impairments...
Leprosy Still Occurs in U.S., CDC Reports
Leprosy Still Occurs in U.S., CDC Reports THURSDAY, Oct. 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Leprosy, although quite rare, continues to appear in the United States, a new U.S. government study reports. Approximately 100 new cases are reported in the United States each year, researchers at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said. That compares to about 250,000 cases that occurred worldwide in 2008, according to the CDC. Known since biblical times, leprosy is an infectious disease that causes sk...
Less Competition Among Docs = Higher Medical Costs, Study Says
Less Competition Among Docs = Higher Medical Costs, Study Says TUESDAY, Oct. 28, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Competition between medical practices helps keep health care costs lower, a new study finds. Researchers examined the average prices paid by preferred provider organizations (PPOs) for patient visits to medical practices in 1,058 counties in all 50 states in 2010. PPOs are the most common type of private health insurance plan. When there was less competition, medical practices charged more for servi...
Living With a Smoker Like Living in a Polluted City: Study
Living With a Smoker Like Living in a Polluted City: Study TUESDAY, Oct. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Nonsmokers who live with smokers are exposed to triple the World Health Organization's recommended safe levels of harmful air particles, a new study warns. That means that air-particle levels in a home with a smoker are similar to that of the air in large, polluted cities, the study found. Living in smoke-free homes could offer major health benefits to nonsmokers, according to the authors of the study p...
Limiting Malpractice Claims May Not Curb Costly Medical Tests
Limiting Malpractice Claims May Not Curb Costly Medical Tests WEDNESDAY, Oct. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Malpractice reform may not keep physicians from ordering unnecessary and expensive tests, a practice known as "defensive medicine," a new study reports. Emergency room physicians in three states that enacted malpractice reform continued to order imaging tests and admit patients for treatment at the same rate, even though the law had been changed to make it more difficult for patients to sue them, a...
Lowly House Fly's Gene Map Causes Buzz
Lowly House Fly's Gene Map Causes Buzz TUESDAY, Oct. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new map of the house fly's DNA -- its genome -- could help scientists take a swat at a host of human diseases, experts say. That's because the flies not only transmit human illnesses but are also immune to them, experts said. Learning more about how the house fly's genes make it immune to certain illnesses might help lead to new vaccines or treatments for humans, said a team led by Jeff Scott of Cornell University in Ith...
Lung Cancer May Lie Dormant for 2 Decades
Lung Cancer May Lie Dormant for 2 Decades THURSDAY, Oct. 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Lung cancer can remain dormant for more than 20 years before suddenly becoming aggressive, a new study says. Researchers analyzed lung cancers from seven patients -- including smokers, former smokers and never smokers -- and found that the initial genetic errors that cause the cancer can go undetected for many years. This dormancy can end when new, additional genetic mistakes occur and trigger rapid cancer growth, the r...
Less Than Half of HIV-Positive U.S. Hispanics Are Getting Proper Care
Less Than Half of HIV-Positive U.S. Hispanics Are Getting Proper Care THURSDAY, Oct. 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Even though Hispanics in the United States become infected with HIV at rates triple those of whites, less than half of Hispanics with the virus are receiving adequate treatment, a new report finds. The report, based on 2010 U.S. government health data, finds that while 80 percent of HIV-infected Hispanics do receive care soon after their diagnosis, only about 54 percent continue that care and...
Laxative Type Might Influence Colon Cancer Risk, Study Finds
Laxative Type Might Influence Colon Cancer Risk, Study Finds WEDNESDAY, Oct. 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new study suggests that the type of laxative a person takes might be a factor in their odds for colon cancer. The research indicates that fiber-based laxatives are associated with a lower risk of colorectal cancer, while non-fiber laxatives are linked with a higher risk. The study could only show an association between laxative types and colon cancer risk, it could not prove cause-and-effect, and e...
Low-Income Adults Favor Medicaid Expansion, Survey Finds
Low-Income Adults Favor Medicaid Expansion, Survey Finds WEDNESDAY, Oct. 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Low-income adults in the United States are strong supporters of Medicaid expansion, new research shows. They also view coverage provided by Medicaid -- the publicly funded insurance program for the poor -- as equal to or better than private health insurance, the study from the Harvard School of Public Health revealed. "In the debate over whether or not states should participate in Medicaid expansion, we ...
Living Near a Highway May Be Bad for Your Blood Pressure
Living Near a Highway May Be Bad for Your Blood Pressure WEDNESDAY, Oct. 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Living close to a major highway may raise your risk for high blood pressure, a new study suggests. Among more than 5,000 postmenopausal women, those who lived within 109 yards of a busy road had a 22 percent greater risk of developing high blood pressure than women living at least half a mile away, researchers report. "The results of this study highlight the importance of our physical environment on our ...
Labor, Birth, and Postpartum
Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis
Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis Langerhans cell histiocytosis, also called histiocytosis X, is a condition in which the level of a type of immune cell, called a Langerhans cell, is abnormally high. While Langerhans cell histiocytosis has been considered to be a type of cancer or a condition similar to cancer, researchers are now discovering that it is more likely tied to an autoimmune response and occurs when the body's immune system attacks itself. What is Langerhans cell histiocytosis? Langerhans cell h...
Living with Aplastic Anemia
Living with Aplastic Anemia Aplastic anemia is a rare blood disorder that may be diagnosed in children, teens, and young adults. Click Image to Enlarge Aplastic anemia happens when bone marrow, the spongy tissue inside bones, doesn’t produce enough red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Red blood cells carry oxygen through the bloodstream to all areas of the body. White blood cells fight infections, and platelets help blood clot if bleeding starts. Why some children have this bone marrow pro...
Levetiracetam Oral tablet, extended-release
Levetiracetam Oral tablet, extended-release What is this medicine? LEVETIRACETAM (lee ve tye RA se tam) is an antiepileptic drug. It is used with other medicines to treat certain types of seizures. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Do not cut, crush or chew this medicine. You may take this medicine with or without food. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed...
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Copyright 2015. All rights reserved.