Patient Rights and Responsibilities
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My Health Home Patient Portal
Patient Rights and Responsibilities
Helpful Bacteria May Help Detect Cancers That Have Spread to Liver
Helpful Bacteria May Help Detect Cancers That Have Spread to Liver WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- In research with mice, scientists report that they've used a potentially beneficial strain of E. coli bacteria to help detect cancer in the liver that has spread from other locations. Many types of cancer -- including colon and pancreatic -- tend to spread to the liver. The earlier these tumors in the liver are detected, the better the chances of successful treatment, said the researchers, from...
Hallucinations, Delusions Uncommon in General Population: Study
Hallucinations, Delusions Uncommon in General Population: Study WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Hallucinations and delusions are uncommon in the general population, a new study finds. Researchers analyzed data from more than 31,000 adults in 18 countries in North and South America, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, Asia and the South Pacific. The average rate of having had at least one hallucination or delusion (collectively referred to as psychotic experiences) was just under 6 percent. The ...
Health Tip: Avoiding Overuse Injury
Health Tip: Avoiding Overuse Injury (HealthDay News) -- Doing the same exercises day after day can lead to overuse injury. To avoid this, the Mayo Clinic suggests: Engage in a variety of exercises, rather than sticking to the same routine. Don't do too much in one day. It's better to get some light exercise daily, rather than cramming too much into a single session. Always warm up before and cool down after a workout. Wear shoes appropriate for the activity you are doing, and practice proper technique a...
Health Tip: How Loud is Too Loud?
Health Tip: How Loud is Too Loud? (HealthDay News) -- While hearing loss can be part of the aging process, it can also be caused by exposure to loud noise. When is a noise too loud? The American Academy of Otolaryngology says hearing loss may occur if: You must shout so that others can hear you within an arm's distance. Noise is so loud that it hurts your ears. Your ears are ringing from the noise. You have a hard time hearing for a few hours after exposure to the noise.
Health Highlights: May 27, 2015
Health Highlights: May 27, 2015 Here are some of the latest health and medical news developments, compiled by the editors of HealthDay: White House Puts Hold on Type of Gene Engineering Genetic engineering that makes DNA changes that are passed along to future generations should be put on hold until more is known about possible consequences, the Obama administration says. Altering DNA that is passed from parents to children is called germline editing. In a blog posting, the White House chief science adv...
Heed the Warning Signs of Teen Suicide, Experts Say
Heed the Warning Signs of Teen Suicide, Experts Say TUESDAY, May 26, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Youth suicide is a major problem in the United States, but being alert to the warning signs can help avert tragedy, experts say. Thousands of teens take their own lives every year, according to the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Suicide is the third leading cause of death among 15- to 24-year-olds, and the sixth leading cause of death among 5- to 14-year-olds, the academy explained in a ne...
Hospice May Help Ease Depression After Loss of Spouse
Hospice May Help Ease Depression After Loss of Spouse TUESDAY, May 26, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Hospice care may help a surviving spouse better cope with depression following the death of a loved one, a new study reports. Survivors are just as likely to be depressed following the death of their life partner whether or not hospice eased the patient's suffering and helped them pass with dignity, researchers at Mount Sinai School of Medicine found. But hospice care seems to provide a modest benefit in term...
Health Tip: Reducing Your Risk of Motion Sickness
Health Tip: Reducing Your Risk of Motion Sickness (HealthDay News) -- The dizzy, nauseous and uncomfortable sensations of motion sickness can make travel unbearable. The Cleveland Clinic recommends: Don't read in a moving vehicle. Before traveling, make sure you are well-rested. Drink plenty of water, and avoid alcohol and smoking. Also, avoid greasy foods. If possible, stand up and look out at the horizon. Nibble on dry crackers. Lean your head against a vehicle's headrest to help minimize head movement.
Health Tip: Be Safe Around Lawn Mowers
Health Tip: Be Safe Around Lawn Mowers (HealthDay News) -- Thousands of adults and children are hurt each year from lawn mower-related accidents. But there are things you can do to protect yourself and your family. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons advises: Ensure that the mower has a protective cover over parts that are sharp or may become hot. Riding mowers should have a reverse switch, usually found behind the driver's seat. Push mowers should have a safety feature that stops the mower whe...
Health Highlights: May 26, 2015
Health Highlights: May 26, 2015 Here are some of the latest health and medical news developments, compiled by the editors of HealthDay: GMO-Free Similac Advance Baby Formula Announced Similac Advance baby formula made without genetically altered ingredients will be available by the end of the month in Target stores, according to product maker Abbott. That will make Similac Advance -- the top commercial baby formula brand in the U.S. -- the first non-GMO version of a mainstream baby formula in the countr...
Health Tip: Keep Your Child at a Healthy Weight
Health Tip: Keep Your Child at a Healthy Weight (HealthDay News) -- Teaching your child about healthy eating and exercise can help reduce the youngster's risk of obesity and associated health problems. The Cleveland Clinic suggests: Promoting healthy eating at home by offering whole grains, fruit and vegetables, healthy proteins and low-fat dairy. Adjusting favorite recipes to make them healthier. Limiting snacks that are high in fat and salt. Instead, offer an apple or banana, a cup of blueberries, gra...
Health Tip: Watch Portion Sizes While Traveling
Health Tip: Watch Portion Sizes While Traveling (HealthDay News) -- Controlling portion sizes is essential for controlling calorie consumption. But that can be difficult when you're on the road. The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases recommends: Fill a small cooler with healthy travel snacks, such as cut vegetables and fruit, bottled water and low- or no-fat yogurt. Pack small, individual portions of dried fruit, seeds and nuts. When you stop for food, look for a restaurant...
Hypothyroidism in Children
Hypothyroidism in Children Hypothyroidism means that the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormone. Thyroid hormone regulates many natural processes of metabolism and growth. Thyroid Gland - Click to Enlarge Congenital hypothyroidism means the condition was present at or before birth. Severe physical and mental developmental delays can occur if congenital hypothyroidism is not identified and treated in a timely matter. Older children may fail to grow properly if any type of hypothyroidism is in...
HIV/AIDS and Skin Conditions
HIV/AIDS and Skin Conditions Skin conditions are common in people with HIV/AIDS. Many, including Kaposi sarcoma, thrush, and herpes, are caused by germs that take advantage of a weakened immune system. That's why they are called "opportunistic" infections. Others, like photodermatitis, may be linked to inflammation caused by an overactive immune system as it revives during antiretroviral drug therapy or due to the drugs themselves. Here are some of the more common skin conditions related to HIV/AIDS. Mo...
Hepatitis B Virus Subtype ADW2 HBSAG Surface Protein antigen Suspension for injection
Hepatitis B Virus Subtype ADW2 HBSAG Surface Protein antigen Suspension for injection What is this medicine? HEPATITIS B VACCINE (hep uh TAHY tis B VAK seen) is a vaccine. It is used to prevent an infection with the hepatitis B virus. How should I use this medicine? This vaccine is for injection into a muscle. It is given by a health care professional. A copy of Vaccine Information Statements will be given before each vaccination. Read this sheet carefully each time. The sheet may change frequently. Tal...
Hepatitis A Virus Strain HM175 antigen (Formaldehyde inactivated) Suspension for injection
Hepatitis A Virus Strain HM175 antigen (Formaldehyde inactivated) Suspension for injection What is this medicine? HEPATITIS A VACCINE (hep uh TAHY tis A VAK seen) is a vaccine to protect from an infection with the hepatitis A virus. This vaccine does not contain the live virus. It will not cause a hepatitis infection. This vaccine is also used with immunoglobulin to prevent infection in people who have been exposed to hepatitis A. How should I use this medicine? This vaccine is for injection into a musc...
Heart Attack: Signs and Symptoms
Heart Attacks Millions of Americans suffer heart attacks every year. Explore what happens during a heart attack and what can be done to minimize the damage.
Holter Monitor (Continuous Electrocardiogram, Continuous ECG, Ambulatory ECG Monitoring) Procedure overview What is a Holter monitor? The Holter monitor is a type of electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) used to monitor the ECG tracing continuously for a period of 24 hours or longer. A standard or "resting" ECG is one of the simplest and fastest procedures used to evaluate the heart. Electrodes (small, plastic patches) are placed at certain locations on the chest and abdomen. When the electrodes are connected ...
Heart Valve Repair or Replacement Surgery
Heart Valve Repair or Replacement Surgery (Open Heart Surgery) Procedure overview What is heart valve repair or replacement surgery? Heart valve repair or replacement surgery is a treatment option for valvular heart disease. When heart valves become damaged or diseased, they may not function properly. Conditions which may cause heart valve dysfunction are valvular stenosis and valvular insufficiency (regurgitation). When one (or more) valve(s) becomes stenotic (stiff), the heart muscle must work harder ...
Heart Transplantation Procedure
Heart Transplantation Procedure (Transplant-Heart, Heart Transplant, Cardiac Transplant) Procedure overview What is a heart transplant? A heart transplant is a surgical procedure performed to remove the diseased heart from a patient and replace it with a healthy one from an organ donor. In order to remove the heart from the donor, two or more doctors must declare the donor brain-dead. Before a person can be put on a waiting list for a heart transplant, a doctor makes the determination that this is the b...
Hysteroscopy Procedure Overview What is a hysteroscopy? Hysteroscopy is the visual examination of the canal of the cervix and interior of the uterus using a thin, lighted, flexible tube called a hysteroscope. The device is inserted through the vagina. Hysteroscopy may be used for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. The hysteroscope allows for easy visual access to the interior of the cervix and uterus to assess the lining of these structures. Therapeutic maneuvers, such as taking a tissue sample (...
Hysterectomy (Removal of the Uterus) Procedure overview What is a hysterectomy? Click Image to Enlarge Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. Different portions of the uterus, as well as other organs, may be removed at the same time. The types of hysterectomy include: Total hysterectomy. Includes the removal of the entire uterus, including the fundus (the part of the uterus above the openings of the fallopian tubes) and the cervix, but not the tubes or ovaries. This is the most common type ...
Hip Replacement Surgery
Hip Replacement Surgery (Total Hip Arthroplasty, Hip Arthroplasty, Total Hip Replacement, Hip Replacement) Procedure overview What is a hip replacement surgery? Hip replacement, also called total hip arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure to replace a worn out or damaged hip with a prosthesis (an artificial joint). This surgery may be considered following a hip fracture (breaking of the bone) or for someone who has severe pain due to arthritis. Various types of arthritis may affect the hip joint. Osteoar...
Home Page - Genitourinary and Kidney Disorders
Topic Index Anatomy of the Urinary System Overview of Kidney Disorders Urology is a surgical specialty that focuses on normal and abnormal problems of the kidney, renal, pelvis, ureter, bladder, urethra, penis, and vagina in both boys and girls. Urogenital or genitourinary (GU) are words that refer to the urinary and genital organs. Nephrology is the medical specialty concerned with the kidneys. Many diseases of the GU system in children are present when a child is born. This poses unique challenges tha...
Hydrocele What is a hydrocele? A hydrocele occurs from a build up of fluid in the thin pouch that holds the testes within the scrotum called the tunica vaginalis. Hydrocele. Click to Enlarge. In the fetus, the tunica vaginalis is formed in the abdomen and then moves into the scrotum with the testes. After the pouch is in the testes, it seals off from the abdomen. Hydroceles can be communicating or noncommunicating: Communicating hydrocele. A communicating hydrocele occurs from the incomplete closure of ...
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome in Children
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome in Children What is hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS)? Click Image to Enlarge HUS is a rare condition that can lead to kidney failure in children. Kidney failure develops as a result of destruction of the small, functional structures and vessels inside the kidney. HUS is a serious illness and potentially fatal. However, more than 85% of people with the most common form of HUS recover complete kidney function. What causes hemolytic uremic syndrome? HUS is more common during the su...
Horseshoe Kidney What is a horseshoe kidney? Horseshoe kidney occurs in about 1 in 500 children. It occurs during fetal development as the kidneys move into their normal position in the flank area (area around the side, just above the waist). With horseshoe kidney, however, as the kidneys of the fetus rise from the pelvic area, they fuse together at the lower end or base. By fusing, they form a "U" shape, which gives it the name "horseshoe." One-third of people with horseshoe kidney will have at least o...
Home Page - Transplantation
Topic Index Bone Marrow The Heart The Kidneys The Liver The Lungs Chronic Illness and Transplantation Issues and the Adolescent The first successful adult human kidney transplant was done in 1954. Since then, many successful organ transplants have been done. Transplants now involve every major organ. Transplantation of various organs, tissues, and cells (such as kidneys, hearts, lungs, livers, and bone marrow) are now possible in children. Survival is steadily increasing, and successful transplants now ...
Home Page - Care of the Terminally Ill Child
Topic Index A Child's Concept of Death Discussing Death with Children Anticipatory Grief Physical Needs of the Dying Child Psychosocial Needs of the Dying Child Supportive/Palliative Care Hospice Important Decisions to be Made in the Dying Process The Dying Process Grief and Bereavement A terminally ill child is a child who has no expectation of cure from his or her disease or illness, but who needs as much care and comfort as can be provided. Knowing what a dying child understands about his or her cond...
Hospital Visit / Preoperative Clinic
Hospital Visit/Preoperative Clinic Can my child visit the hospital before surgery? You may request for you and your child to visit and tour the facility prior to surgery. Touring the hospital before surgery can help your child see the sights, sounds, and events he or she will experience the day of surgery. It is a nonthreatening, often reassuring, way to learn about the hospital. If you have questions about how to address your child's particular needs in preparing for surgery, ask if a child life specia...
Home Page - The Child Having Surgery
Topic Index Surgical Overview Preoperative Management Preparing a Child for Surgery Surgery and the Breastfeeding Infant The Day of Surgery Intraoperative Care Postoperative Care Surgery is a way of treating a disease, injury, or other disorder. Surgery means treating the problem with instruments or other physical means. Surgery involves cutting into the skin or other organs to help bring the body back to a healthy state. Surgery can help diagnose a problem, take a sample (biopsy) of a suspicious lump, ...
Home Page - Safety and Injury Prevention
Topic Index Motor Vehicle Safety Fire Safety and Burns Bicycle/In-line Skating/Skateboarding Safety Toy Safety Airway Obstruction Water Safety Sports Safety Falls Firearms Most unintentional injuries occur when children are unsupervised, and many unintentional injuries occur in or around the home. But with proper education, improvements to a child's environment, enforcement of certain safety legislation and regulations, and community involvement, many injuries can be prevented.
Home Page - Respiratory Disorders in Children
Topic Index Anatomy of the Respiratory System Signs of Respiratory Distress Obstructive Sleep Apnea Acute Respiratory Disorders Chronic Respiratory Disorders Respiratory illnesses can include a variety of problems, including colds, flu, runny noses, coughs, and sore throats. Some children may also have chronic illnesses that affect the breathing system, including asthma and cystic fibrosis (CF). If you, a family member, or a friend suffers from a respiratory problem, this information may help you better...
Home Page - Common Childhood Injuries and Poisonings
Topic Index Accident Statistics Minor Problem vs. a True Emergency Preventing Injuries - How You Can Help Your Child First-Aid Kit Household Safety Checklist Emergency Contact Information Bites and Stings Minor Cuts, Scrapes, and Skin Wounds Superficial Injuries to the Face and Head Eye Trauma Muscle and Joint Injuries Thermal Injuries Poisons There are probably few things more important to you than your child's health and well-being. But even though you may try your best to keep your child healthy and ...
Home Page - Orthopedics
Topic Index The Pediatric Orthopaedics Team Evaluation Procedures Congenital and Hereditary Disorders Growth-Related Disorders Inflammatory and Infectious Disorders Bone Cancer Fractures Crutch Walking Cast Types and Maintenance Instructions Sports Injuries Orthopedics is the branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis, care, and treatment of diseases, disorders, injuries, and other conditions of the musculoskeletal system. The musculoskeletal system consists of the body's bones, joints, muscles, te...
Home Page - Oncology
Topic Index About Cancer Chemotherapy Bone Marrow Transplant Leukemia Wilms Tumor Hodgkin Lymphoma Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Osteogenic Sarcoma Ewing Sarcoma Neuroblastoma Rhabdomyosarcoma Retinoblastoma Brain Tumors Hepatoblastoma Germ Cell Tumors Although childhood cancer is rare, about 10,450 children under the age of 15 will diagnosed with cancer in 2014, according to th American Cancer Society. Oncology, the study of cancer and tumors, has made significant progress in the prevention, treatment, and prog...
Hearing Screening Tests for Newborns
Hearing Screening Tests for Newborns It is estimated that serious hearing loss occurs in about 2 to 3 of every 1,000 newborns. Without screening or testing, hearing loss may not be noticed until the baby is more than 1 year old. If hearing loss is not found until later years, the brain's hearing centers will not be properly stimulated. This can affect hearing development, and can delay speech and language. Social and emotional development and success in school may also be affected. Most hearing loss is ...
Home Page - Normal Newborn
Topic Index Preparing for Your New Baby Baby's Care After Birth Newborn Care Newborn Appearance Normal Newborn Behaviors and Activities Bathing and Skin Care Umbilical Cord Care Diapers/Diaper Rash Circumcision Getting to Know Your New Baby Breastfeeding Your Baby Bottle-Feeding Infant Feeding Guide Newborn Complications When to Call Your Physician The New Mother - Taking Care of Yourself After Birth Today, babies have more opportunities than ever before to grow into healthy children, adolescents, and a...
Home Page - Neurological Disorders
Topic Index Overview of the Nervous System Anatomy of the Brain Diagnostic Tests Brain Tumors Congenital and Hereditary Disorders Neurological Disorders in the Newborn Headaches Inflammatory and Infectious Disorders Neuromuscular Disorders Seizures and Epilepsy Neurocutaneous Syndromes Trauma The nervous system is a complex, sophisticated system that regulates and coordinates the body's basic functions and activities. It is made up of two major divisions, including the central nervous system (consisting...
Head Injury in Children
Head Injury in Children What is a head injury? Head injuries are one of the most common causes of disability and death in children. The injury can be as mild as a bump, bruise (contusion), or cut on the head, or can be moderate to severe in nature due to a concussion, deep cut or open wound, fractured skull bone(s), or from internal bleeding and damage to the brain. A head injury is a broad term that describes a vast array of injuries that occur to the scalp, skull, brain, and underlying tissue and bloo...
Headaches in Children
Headaches in Children What is a headache? A headache is pain or discomfort in the head or face area. Headaches can be single or recurrent in nature, and localized to one or more areas of the head and face. What causes a headache? The exact cause of headaches is not completely understood. It is thought that many headaches are the result of tight muscles and dilated, or expanded, blood vessels in the head. Although migraine headaches were previously thought to be due to dilated blood vessels in the brain,...
Home Page - Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Topic Index Comprehensive Psychiatric Evaluation Psychiatric Treatment Team Knowing When to Seek Treatment for Your Child Developmental Disorders Schizophrenia Tourette's Disorder Mood Disorders Anxiety Disorders Behavior Disorders Eating Disorders Adjustment Disorders Psychological Complications of Chronic Illness Many children and adolescents have mental health problems that interfere with their normal development and daily life activities. Some mental health problems are mild; others are more severe....
Herpes Zoster (Shingles)
Herpes Zoster (Shingles) What is herpes zoster? Herpes zoster (shingles) is a painful skin rash caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). This is the same virus that causes chickenpox. After a person has chickenpox, the virus remains inactive in the nerve cells. Years later the virus can become active again. If it does, a red rash or small blisters occur, usually on one side of the body, spreading along a nerve pathway where the virus was inactive. On some occasions, even after the rash is gone, the p...
Home Page - Infectious Diseases in Children
Topic Index All About the Immune System Infectious Diseases Fevers Prevention of Infectious Disease Fighting infectious diseases today is much easier than in the past. With proper hygiene and proper precautions, in addition to numerous vaccines and rapidly advancing medical technology, people are better equipped than ever to avoid getting sick. Prevention is the key to fighting many infectious diseases. Part of preventing the spread of an infectious disease includes proper hand-washing techniques; takin...
Human Parainfluenza Viruses (HPIVs)
Human Parainfluenza Viruses (HPIVs) What are human parainfluenza viruses? Human parainfluenza viruses (HPIVs) are a group of viruses that cause different types of respiratory infections and are most common in children and babies. Most HPIVs usually cause infections of the upper airway, such as a common cold, ear infections, or sore throat. Other infections caused by HPIVs include infections of the lower respiratory tract, such as croup (an infection of the airway below the larynx, or "voice box," that i...
HIV Home Care
HIV Home Care What is HIV? Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes AIDS. HIV infection means that the body's immune system may not fight off infections very well. Your child's body may not be able to fight back against illness, even a simple cold. Additional care is needed for a child with HIV to help him or her remain healthy. How can you keep your child with HIV healthy? One of the best ways to keep your child healthy is to use proper hand-washing techniques. Clean hands help keep ...
Haemophilus Influenzae Infections
Haemophilus Influenzae Infections What is Haemophilus influenzae ? Haemophilus influenzae , or H. influenzae , represents a group of bacteria that may cause different types of infections in infants and children. H. influenzae most commonly causes ear, eye, or sinus infections, and pneumonia. A more serious strain of the bacteria called H. influenzae type b has been nearly abolished in the United States due to the development of an effective vaccine, which has been available since 1988. The more serious ...
Hepatitis in Children
Hepatitis in Children What is hepatitis? Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver and can result in liver cell damage and destruction. What causes hepatitis? Hepatitis in children has many different origins or causes. A child may contract hepatitis from exposure to a viral source. The following is a list of some of the viruses associated with hepatitis: Hepatitis viruses. Five main types of the hepatitis virus have been identified, including hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. Cytomegalovirus (CMV). This viru...
Herpes Simplex Virus/Cold Sores
Herpes Simplex Virus/Cold Sores What are cold sores? Cold sores are small blisters around the mouth, caused by the herpes simplex virus. They are sometimes called "fever blisters." The most common strain of the virus that causes cold sores is herpes simplex virus 1. Once infected, the herpes simplex virus becomes dormant (inactive) for long periods of time and may reactivate, during which time cold sores reappear. Episodes of the cold sores usually do not last longer than two weeks. Hot sun, cold wind, ...
Home Page - High-Risk Pregnancy
Topic Index Preconception Care Prenatal Counseling Maternal and Fetal Testing Pregnancy Complications Pregnancy and Medical Conditions Sickle Cell Disease Autoimmune Disease Every family looks forward to a healthy pregnancy and to the birth of a healthy newborn. And, for the vast majority of women, pregnancy follows a fairly routine course. But, for some, there may be unexpected difficulties and challenges along the way with a high-risk pregnancy. Having a high-risk pregnancy means that a woman has a gr...
Hyperthyroidism in Pregnancy
Hyperthyroidism in Pregnancy What is hyperthyroidism? Hyperthyroidism means overactivity of the thyroid gland, resulting in too much thyroid hormone in the bloodstream. The oversecretion of thyroid hormones leads to overactivity of the body's metabolism. Although there are several forms of hyperthyroidism, the most common is Graves' disease. What is Graves' disease? Graves' disease is most often associated with hyperthyroidism and is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism during pregnancy. Researchers...
Hyperemesis Gravidarum What is hyperemesis gravidarum? Most pregnant women have some nausea and sometimes vomiting in the first trimester. This is called morning sickness, as these symptoms are often more severe in the morning. Some women may have nausea and vomiting throughout the pregnancy. The cause of morning sickness may be due to the changes in hormone levels during pregnancy. A few women develop a severe form of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy called hyperemesis gravidarum. With this condition, ...
HELLP Syndrome What is HELLP syndrome? HELLP syndrome is a disorder related to preeclampsia and eclampsia (high blood pressure problems of pregnancy). The actual incidence is not known, but it appears to develop in 1 to 2 out of 1,000 pregnancies, and in 10% to 20% of pregnant women with severe preeclampsia or eclampsia. It usually develops before delivery but may occur after delivery as well. HELLP syndrome consists of the following problems: Hemolysis--red blood cells break down. Elevated liver enzyme...
Heart Disease and Pregnancy
Pregnancy and Pre-existing Heart Disease Your heart in pregnancy Your heart is the hardest working muscle in your body. Located almost in the center of your chest, your heart is about the size of one fist. Beating at an average rate of 80 times a minute, your heart beats about 115,000 times in one day, or 42 million times in a year. During an average lifetime, your heart will beat more than three billion times. It pumps an amount of blood that equals about one million barrels. Even at rest, your heart c...
Home Page - High-Risk Newborn
Topic Index The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) Assessments of Newborn Babies Caring for Babies in the NICU Common Conditions and Complications Parenting in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) Breastfeeding the High-Risk Newborn Taking Your Baby Home Every family looks forward to the birth of a healthy newborn. It is an exciting time with so much to enjoy. In some cases, though, unexpected difficulties and challenges occur along the way. Some newborns are considered high risk. This means that a ...
Hyperbilirubinemia and Jaundice
Hyperbilirubinemia and Jaundice What is hyperbilirubinemia? Hyperbilirubinemia is a condition in which there is too much bilirubin in the blood. When red blood cells break down, a substance called bilirubin is formed. Babies are not easily able to get rid of the bilirubin and it can build up in the blood and other tissues and fluids of the baby's body. This is called hyperbilirubinemia. Because bilirubin has a pigment or coloring, it causes a yellowing of the baby's skin, eyes, and other tissues. This i...
Hypocalcemia What is hypocalcemia? Hypocalcemia is when there isn't enough calcium in the blood. Hypocalcemia in babies is called neonatal hypocalcemia. Your baby can get it at different times and from different causes. Early hypocalcemia happens in the first two to three days of life. Late hypocalcemia starts in the first week or weeks after birth, usually after several days of formula feedings. Some formulas have high levels of a chemical called phosphate. This can lower blood calcium levels. What cau...
Hydrops Fetalis What is hydrops fetalis? Hydrops fetalis is a severe, life-threatening problem of severe swelling (edema) in the fetus and newborn. It is also called hydrops. There are 2 types of hydrops: Immune . This results when the mother's immune system causes a breakdown of red blood cells in the fetus. This is the most dangerous complication of blood group incompatibility between the mother and baby. This type of hydrops is uncommon, however, because of the widespread use of Rh immunoglobulin tre...
Hypospadias What is hypospadias? Hypospadias is a malformation that affects the urethral tube and the foreskin on a male's penis. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. Hypospadias is a disorder in which the male urethral opening is not located at the tip of the penis. The urethral opening can be located anywhere along the urethra. Most commonly with hypospadias, the opening is located along the underside of the penis, near the tip. What causes hypospadia...
Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn
Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn What is hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN)? Hemolytic disease of the newborn is also called erythroblastosis fetalis. This condition occurs when there is an incompatibility between the blood types of the mother and baby. "Hemolytic" means breaking down of red blood cells "Erythroblastosis" refers to making of immature red blood cells "Fetalis" refers to fetus What causes hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN)? HDN most frequently occurs when an Rh negative mother has...
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200 West Church Street, Lexington, TN 38351
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200 West Church Street, Lexington, TN 38351
Copyright 2015. All rights reserved.