Patient Rights and Responsibilities
Patient Rights and Responsibilities
Doctors Report Probable Zika Transmission Via Blood Transfusion
Doctors Report Probable Zika Transmission Via Blood Transfusion WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Experts have wondered if the Zika virus might sometimes be transmitted through blood transfusions, and a cluster of infections in Brazil seems to support that notion. Doctors believe that a blood donor passed along the typically mosquito-borne virus in late January to two hospitalized patients who needed transfusions. "These data show evidence for Zika virus transmission by means of [blood] plate...
Depression Common After Time Spent in ICU
Depression Common After Time Spent in ICU WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- One-third of former intensive care unit (ICU) patients have depression, a new review finds. Each year, more than 5 million seriously ill patients are admitted to ICUs in the United States. Rates of depression following discharge are far greater for these patients than for the general population, according to the study. "It's very clear that ICU survivors have physical, cognitive and psychological problems that greatly...
Don't Lose Sleep Over Screentime at Night
Don't Lose Sleep Over Screentime at Night TUESDAY, Aug. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Daytime exposure to bright light may reduce the sleep-disrupting effects of blue light from smartphones and tablet computers, a new study suggests. Previous research has shown that evening use of devices that emit blue light interferes with sleep. In the new study, researchers at Uppsala University in Sweden assessed how evening use of a tablet computer affected 14 young people who had been exposed to bright light durin...
Do Angioplasty Patients Really Need Beta-Blocker Drugs?
Do Angioplasty Patients Really Need Beta-Blocker Drugs? TUESDAY, Aug. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors might be overprescribing beta-blocker medications to heart patients who aren't seriously ill, a new study contends. Beta blockers such as Inderal (propranolol) and Lopressor (metoprolol) reduce blood pressure and control abnormal heart rhythms. They're lifesaving when given to patients who've had a heart attack or have heart failure, said study co-author Dr. Valay Parikh. He is a cardiology fellow ...
Ditch Your Car, Ride Your Bike and Check Your Scale
Ditch Your Car, Ride Your Bike and Check Your Scale FRIDAY, Aug. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Cyclists weigh almost 9 pounds less, on average, than people who get around mainly by car, a new study shows. The finding from a survey that included 11,000 people in seven European cities does not prove a direct link between people's choice of transportation and weight. But researchers called the initial results intriguing. They plan to follow 14,000 volunteers in London, Rome, Vienna and Zurich, as well as An...
Dogs Having Tough Time Maintaining Fertility
Dogs Having Tough Time Maintaining Fertility WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A sharp decline in the fertility of male dogs in Britain in the past three decades could be due to chemical pollution, a new British study suggests. The researchers said the findings may shed light on reports -- though controversial -- of perceived declines in the fertility of men in a number of countries, including the United States, the United Kingdom and France. "This is the first time that such a decline in mal...
Depression Can Stalk Families Through Generations
Depression Can Stalk Families Through Generations WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- People whose parents and grandparents suffered from depression are at much higher risk of developing the illness, a new study suggests. The research found that if a person's grandparent and parent each had depression, their own odds for the disorder tripled. "In this study, biological offspring with two previous generations affected with major depression were at highest risk for major depression," concluded a ...
Drivers Take Care! Kids Are Heading Back to School
Drivers Take Care! Kids Are Heading Back to School WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- As more than 50 million kids across the United States return to school, drivers are reminded to be vigilant on the roads. More than 309 child pedestrians were killed and 11,000 injured nationwide in 2014, according to the American Automobile Association (AAA), which urges motorists to be especially watchful during the hours before and after school. After-school hours are particularly dangerous. Nearly one-thi...
Doctors Urged to Prescribe Lower Doses of Opioids, No Refills
Doctors Urged to Prescribe Lower Doses of Opioids, No Refills TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients who are first-time users of pain-killing opioids should be prescribed a small dose without refills to reduce the risk of long-term use and possible addiction, a new study suggests. A surge in prescriptions for opioids such as Oxycontin and Vicodin over the past two decades dovetails with a steep rise in addiction and overdoses in the United States. The trend has prompted calls for more carefu...
Do Hospital ICUs Raise Costs Without Boosting Survival?
Do Hospital ICUs Raise Costs Without Boosting Survival? TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Some patients put into hospital intensive care units tend to undergo more costly and invasive procedures, often without improved outcomes, a new study finds. This is particularly true for those who have diabetic ketoacidosis (high blood sugar), a pulmonary embolism (clot in the lung), heart failure or upper gastrointestinal bleeding. In many cases, these are four common medical conditions that can be treate...
Does 'Cupping' = Success for Olympic Athletes?
Does 'Cupping' = Success for Olympic Athletes? MONDAY, Aug. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Eyebrows raised in Rio over the weekend when Olympic athletes like swimmer Michael Phelps started showing up with circular purple bruises on different parts of their bodies. These bruises are caused by "cupping" -- an ancient Chinese medical technique that may -- or may not -- stimulate muscles and increase blood flow, possibly relieving pain. The practice has become newly trendy among athletes and celebrities, exper...
Diet Supplement May Help Prevent Kidney Stones: Study
Diet Supplement May Help Prevent Kidney Stones: Study MONDAY, Aug. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A dietary supplement may hold the power to dissolve a key component of kidney stones, potentially offering a new prevention tool against this painful condition, researchers say. It's too early to be sure if the compound hydroxycitrate will become a preventive treatment for kidney stones, since extensive research in people hasn't begun. Still, it could offer an alternative to potassium citrate, which treats kid...
Drowsy Driving Causes 1 in 5 Fatal Crashes: Report
Drowsy Driving Causes 1 in 5 Fatal Crashes: Report MONDAY, Aug. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly 84 million sleep-deprived Americans take to the roads every day. And, drowsy driving was a factor in crashes that claimed about 5,000 lives last year, a new report shows. Traffic deaths rose almost 8 percent in the United States in 2015. Drowsy driving is estimated to cause up to 20 percent of all road fatalities, but the extent of the problem is not fully known, according to experts. The threat posed by t...
Don't Shrug Off Shoulder Safety When Playing Summer Sports
Don't Shrug Off Shoulder Safety When Playing Summer Sports FRIDAY, Aug. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Millions of Americans enjoy summer sports, but nobody enjoys heading to the emergency room when their favorite form of exercise leads to serious shoulder pain. However, doctors who specialize in joint health and sports medicine have some suggestions on how you can take steps to avoid this kind of injury. "Sports such as swimming, golfing and volleyball require repetitive, overhead motion. The rotator cuff...
Deep Brain Stimulation Tested for Early Alzheimer's
Deep Brain Stimulation Tested for Early Alzheimer's THURSDAY, July 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Deep brain stimulation appears safe for people with early Alzheimer's disease -- and might even slow down memory loss in some, a preliminary study suggests. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is already used to treat some cases of Parkinson's disease and certain other brain-based disorders. It involves implanting electrodes in specific areas of the brain, then connecting them to a pulse generator placed under the s...
Does Dementia Diagnosis Have Silver Lining for Some?
Does Dementia Diagnosis Have Silver Lining for Some? TUESDAY, July 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Is it possible that a diagnosis as devastating as dementia could have some positive effects? Yes, a small study suggests. Researchers asked 48 people with early dementia or mild cognitive impairment to complete a questionnaire that measured their quality of life and personal outlook after getting their diagnosis. The "Silver Lining Questionnaire" was designed to measure how much patients believe their illness...
Delirium Common in Cancer Patients Seen in ER
Delirium Common in Cancer Patients Seen in ER MONDAY, July 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Delirium is fairly common, yet often missed, in advanced cancer patients who visit emergency departments, a new study says. Delirium is a serious disturbance in thinking and awareness, according to the U.S. National Cancer Institute. Researchers looked for delirium in 243 advanced cancer patients seen at an emergency department. The patients were between the ages of 19 and 89. The researchers found that 22 patients -...
Did Your Gut Bacteria Evolve Over Millions of Years?
Did Your Gut Bacteria Evolve Over Millions of Years? THURSDAY, July 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Some human gut bacteria may have existed for millions of years -- since before the evolution of people, scientists report. Their findings suggest evolution has had a greater impact on human gut bacteria than previously known, said study co-leader Howard Ochman, a professor of integrative biology at the University of Texas at Austin. "It's surprising that our gut microbes, which we could get from many sources...
Don't Let Your Campfire Become a Wildfire
Don't Let Your Campfire Become a Wildfire FRIDAY, July 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Campfires can provide the backdrop for lots of outdoor fun. But, if people are careless, those campfires can spark a damaging wildfire, the New York Department of Environmental Conservation says. So, how can you safely have a campfire? First, use existing campfire rings whenever you can. Or, if you're in a remote area, consider using a small portable stove instead of a campfire. If you can't find an existing campfire rin...
Don't Let Painful Blisters Spoil Your Summer Fun
Don't Let Painful Blisters Spoil Your Summer Fun SATURDAY, July 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- You might think of blisters as painful nuisances on your feet, but one expert warns that blisters can appear anywhere that skin rubs against clothing or another part of the body. The good news: You can keep blisters at bay by preventing chafing. "Prevention is really the key when it comes to blisters," said Dr. Anthony Rossi, an assistant professor of dermatology at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New ...
Doctors Should Bone Up on CT Scan Cancer Risks
Doctors Should Bone Up on CT Scan Cancer Risks FRIDAY, July 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors routinely order CT scans as diagnostic tools. But many are ill-informed about the cancer risks associated with this imaging technology, a new study suggests. Patients who undergo CT scans are exposed to harmful ionizing radiation, which could affect their lifetime risk for developing cancer, Canadian researchers said. "Underestimating radiation dose from a CT scan ... may lead to minimization of the risk est...
Do ADHD Medicines Boost Substance Abuse Risk?
Do ADHD Medicines Boost Substance Abuse Risk? FRIDAY, July 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Parents often worry that their children who take stimulants to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be at higher risk for substance abuse later. Now, a surprising new study finds that risk was actually lower when medicines such as Ritalin and Adderall were started earlier and taken longer. "Most notably, the risk of substance use in adolescents who had been treated at an earlier age and for a lon...
Dodge the Jet Lag, Enjoy Your Trip
Dodge the Jet Lag, Enjoy Your Trip WEDNESDAY, July 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- People crossing time zones may assume jet lag is something they have to endure -- like airport delays and lost luggage. But there are several ways travelers can prepare for and minimize jet lag's troubling effects, a sleep specialist says. First, flying from west to east, such as from the United States to Europe, will result in worse jet lag than the reverse trip, explained David Earnest, who studies circadian rhythms at Tex...
Dietary Mineral Could Be One Key to Blood Pressure Control
Dietary Mineral Could Be One Key to Blood Pressure Control TUESDAY, July 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Sufficient dietary levels of the mineral nutrient magnesium might be a boon to good blood pressure, new research suggests. "Magnesium dilates arteries, and in doing so lowers the blood pressure," explained Dr. Suzanne Steinbaum, a cardiologist who reviewed the new findings. "Foods high in magnesium include whole grains, beans, nuts and green leafy vegetables," she added. The new study was led by Dr. Yiq...
Do More to Fight HIV in Africa: Study
Do More to Fight HIV in Africa: Study TUESDAY, July 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- New HIV infections in African men could be prevented by increasing male circumcision rates and providing more women with HIV antiretroviral therapy (ART), a new study finds. Researchers said these strategies were linked to a considerable drop in the number of men newly infected with HIV in specific communities in rural Uganda. "The biology of these two prevention strategies has been proven, but the big question was whether ...
Drink Water, Stay Slimmer?
Drink Water, Stay Slimmer? TUESDAY, July 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Water might be a secret weapon for dieters, research involving nearly 10,000 adults suggests. "Those who were inadequately hydrated had higher body mass indexes (BMIs) than those who were adequately hydrated," said study leader Dr. Tammy Chang, an assistant professor of family medicine at the University of Michigan Medical School. Also, people who took in too little water daily had 50 percent higher odds for obesity compared to those ...
Don't Let Burns Spoil Your Summer Fun
Don't Let Burns Spoil Your Summer Fun FRIDAY, July 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- As summer kicks into high gear, be sure your fun isn't marred by fires or burns, an expert says. "Before using your grill, make sure all of the parts -- including the gas tank -- are in good condition. If you notice any leaks, cracks or breaks, replace the parts before using," said Dr. James Gallagher. He's director of the William Randolph Hearst Burn Center at New York-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center in New York Ci...
Dinosaurs Got Tumors, Too
Dinosaurs Got Tumors, Too THURSDAY, July 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Even dinosaurs developed tumors, with some more prone to growths than others, a new study suggests. An international group of researchers detected a facial tumor in the fossilized jawbone of a dwarf dinosaur ( Telmatosaurus transsylvanicus ), also known as a hadrosaur. Subsequent imaging indicated the duck-billed dinosaur had a noncancerous tumor called an ameloblastoma. This type of growth has been found in people, other mammals and s...
Depression Strikes Nearly 3 Million U.S. Teens a Year
Depression Strikes Nearly 3 Million U.S. Teens a Year THURSDAY, July 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In just one year, almost 3 million U.S. teens suffered a major bout of depression, a new government report shows. "Adolescence is a critical time in a person's development, and battling with depression can be devastating for teens unless they receive effective treatment," said Paolo del Vecchio, director of the Center for Mental Health Services at the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administr...
Does Medical Marijuana Reduce Need for Other Meds?
Does Medical Marijuana Reduce Need for Other Meds? WEDNESDAY, July 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- People are actually using medical marijuana as a treatment for health problems, not simply as an excuse to get high, a new study suggests. States that pass medical marijuana laws tend to experience a significant decline in prescriptions for ailments that could be treated with cannabis, said study senior researcher W. David Bradford. He's the chair of public policy with the University of Georgia's Department of...
Don't Blame the Media for Teen Sex, Study Says
Don't Blame the Media for Teen Sex, Study Says WEDNESDAY, July 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Sexy movies, television and other media have little effect on teens' sexual behavior, according to a study that challenges a common belief among parents and policymakers. Researchers analyzed 22 studies of the influence of media on teens' behavior, including when they start having sex and whether they engage in risky sex. The studies, which also examined teen pregnancy, included more than 22,000 participants young...
Doctor-Assisted Deaths Didn't Soar After Legalization
Doctor-Assisted Deaths Didn't Soar After Legalization TUESDAY, July 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Public support for physician-assisted death has plateaued in the United States, and the practice hasn't soared as some had feared, a new study finds. In places where it's legal, physician-aided death remains rare. It's confined mostly to cancer patients who are white, wealthy and well-educated, researchers found. "The vast majority of dying patients don't use physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia -- don't...
Doctors Swamped by 'E-Medicine' Demands
Doctors Swamped by 'E-Medicine' Demands TUESDAY, June 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors say they're drowning in electronic paperwork, feeling burned out and dissatisfied with their jobs thanks to countless hours spent filling out computerized medical forms, researchers report. Electronic health records are a cornerstone in the effort to modernize medicine. But, new systems designed to chart a patient's progress and instruct their future care have proven to be very time-consuming, the study found. "Wh...
Donated Blood Won't Transmit Alzheimer's, Parkinson's Disease
Donated Blood Won't Transmit Alzheimer's, Parkinson's Disease MONDAY, June 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- People who've received a blood transfusion can breathe a bit easier: A new study finds no evidence that degenerative brain disorders can be transmitted via donated blood. "This study provides reassurance to individuals who have received blood transfusions from patients with Alzheimer's or Parkinson's disease," said Dr. Irving Gomolin, a geriatrician who reviewed the Swedish study findings. "It demonst...
Direct Antiglobulin Does this test have other names? Direct Coombs test What is this test? The direct antiglobulin test is a blood test used to diagnose a type of anemia caused by your immune system. Your immune system is your body's defense system. It makes proteins called antibodies to attack foreign invaders. In some cases, your immune system can make antibodies against red blood cells. This causes red blood cells to break down, a condition called hemolytic anemia. Why do I need this test? This blood...
Diphtheria Antitoxoid Antibody
Diphtheria Antitoxoid Antibody Does this test have other names? Anti-diphtheria test, DIPH2, DIPO, DIPE What is this test? This test measures the level of diphtheria antibodies in your blood. Diphtheria is a serious infectious disease caused by C. diphtheriae bacteria. Diphtheria affects the respiratory tract. It causes symptoms such as: Sore throat Weakness Nausea Trouble swallowing Trouble breathing Paralysis Heart failure Diphtheria can be fatal if not treated. The disease is very rare in the U.S. be...
Digoxin Drug Level
Digoxin Drug Level Does this test have other names? Therapeutic digoxin monitoring, dig level What is this test? This test measures the amount of the heart drug digoxin in your blood. Digoxin is a drug that helps your heart pump better when you have an irregular or rapid heartbeat. This heartbeat is often caused by atrial fibrillation. Digoxin may also be given to you if you have congestive heart failure (CHF). When you take digoxin, it's important that the drug be at the right level for you to get the ...
Diabetes Autoantibody Panel
Diabetes Autoantibody Panel Does this test have other names? Islet autoantibodies and diabetes mellitus autoantibody panel What is this test? This blood test checks for substances called antibodies. These are made by your body in response to insulin and other chemicals related to insulin. Your doctor uses this test to find out whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is more common in children, teens, and young adults. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. It can happen...
Dehydroepiandrosterone and Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate
Dehydroepiandrosterone and Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate Does this test have other names? DHEA, DHEA-S What is this test? This test measures the level of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) in your blood. It may also be used to check how well your adrenal glands are working. DHEA is a hormone made by your adrenal glands and to a lesser degree by the ovaries and testes. DHEA is changed into DHEA-S in your adrenal glands and liver. In both men and women, the sex horm...
Deamidated Gliadin Antibody
Deamidated Gliadin Antibody Does this test have other names? Deamidated gliadin peptide antibodies, DGP, DGP-AGA What is this test? This test looks for the level of deamidated gliadin antibodies (DMG) in your blood. Gliadin is one of the main proteins in gluten. The test is used to help find out whether you have celiac disease, an autoimmune disease. If you have celiac disease, your immune system responds abnormally to gluten, which is mainly found in wheat, barley, and rye products. It's also found in ...
D-Dimer Does this test have other names? Fragment D-dimer, fibrin degradation fragment What is this test? This is a blood test to look for a substance called D-dimer. This test is used to rule out a blood clot. D-dimer is a protein fragment from the break down of a blood clot. Blood clots generally begin to slowly break down after they are formed, and this process releases D-dimer into the blood. Why do I need this test? You may need this test if your health care provider suspects you have a dangerous b...
Direct Bilirubin Does this test have other names? Conjugated bilirubin What is this test? This test looks for bilirubin in your blood or urine. Bilirubin is a substance made when your body breaks down old red blood cells. This is a normal process. Bilirubin is also part of bile, which your liver makes to help digest the food you eat. A small amount of bilirubin in your blood is normal. Healthy adults make 250 to 350 milligrams (mg) of bilirubin each day. Bilirubin that is bound to a certain protein is c...
Diagnosing Anemia in Children
Diagnosing Anemia in Children Anemia is a common condition in children. About 20 percent of children in the U.S. will be diagnosed with anemia at some point. A child who is anemic does not have enough red blood cells or enough hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is a special type of protein that allows red blood cells to carry oxygen to other cells in the body. Click to Enlarge Anemia has three main causes: loss of red blood cells from bleeding; inability to make enough red blood cells; and a medical condition that ...
Defects in Metabolism of Amino Acids: PKU
Defects in Metabolism of Amino Acids: PKU One condition that all newborns in the U.S. are screened for is phenylketonuria (PKU), a metabolic disorder passed down from both parents. Before the simple blood test that checks for PKU became routine, the condition could go undetected long enough to cause severe intellectual disability. Now the disorder can be diagnosed before it leads to any damage. What is PKU? PKU is caused by a defect in a gene known as the PAH gene. This defect changes the way that the a...
Dyskeratosis Congenita in Children
Dyskeratosis Congenita in Children What is dyskeratosis congenita? Dyskeratosis congenita is a congenital disease. This means it is present at birth. It affects the skin and nails. In its most severe form, it causes bone marrow failure. When bone marrow doesn't make enough blood cells, it can be life-threatening. Dyskeratosis congenita is a very rare condition. What causes dyskeratosis congenita? In most cases, dyskeratosis congenita is inherited from a parent who carries the gene defect. It is present ...
Diamond Blackfan Anemia (DBA) in Children
Diamond Blackfan Anemia (DBA) in Children What is DBA? Diamond Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a rare blood disorder. Children with DBA do not make enough red blood cells—the cells that carry oxygen to all other cells in the body. Blood cells are made in the bone marrow, the spongy insides of long bones. In children with DBA, many of the cells that would have become red blood cells die before they develop. What causes DBA? DBA may be passed down through families. In about half the children with the disorder, a...
Deep Brain Stimulation
Deep Brain Stimulation What is deep brain stimulation? Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a type of therapy that uses electrical stimulation to treat neurological conditions such as Parkinson disease (PD), essential tremor, and multiple sclerosis. DBS can be effective in treating movement problems such as tremors, stiffness, difficulty in walking, and slowed movement. While it does not cure these conditions, DBS can ease symptoms and decrease the amount of medications you need to treat the symptoms, thus i...
Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB)
Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB) What is dementia with Lewy bodies? Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is a form of progressive dementia caused by degeneration of the tissues in the brain. More than a million people in the U.S. are affected by DLB, according to the Lewy Body Dementia Association. People with DLB have a buildup of abnormal protein particles called Lewy bodies in their brain tissue. Lewy bodies are also found in the brain tissue of people with Parkinson disease (PD) and Alzheimer disease (AD)...
Developmental Venous Anomalies
Developmental Venous Anomalies What are developmental venous anomalies? A developmental venous anomaly (DVA) is an unusual or irregular arrangement of small veins that may look like the spokes of a wheel that drain into a larger central vein. They are benign (not dangerous). DVAs also may be called venous angiomas or benign variations in venous drainage. Some doctors refer to them as caput medusae , a Latin term that means head of Medusa because the clump of veins resembles snakes on the head of the Gre...
Dystonia What is dystonia? Dystonia is a disorder that affects the way your body moves. It causes your muscles to contract, which makes them move involuntarily, or get stuck in an abnormal position. Dystonia can affect your entire body or a certain part. The movements can sometimes cause pain. There are different types of dystonia. Each is identified by which part of your body is affected: Hemidystonia affects a leg and arm on one side of your body. Multifocal dystonia affects at least 2 different parts...
Dietary Changes for Celiac Disease
Dietary Changes for Celiac Disease Celiac disease is a disorder that damages your small intestine and keeps it from absorbing the nutrients in food. The damage to your intestinal tract is caused by your immune system's reaction to gluten. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye. When you have celiac disease, gluten causes your immune system to damage or destroy villi. These are the tiny, fingerlike tubules that line your small intestine. The villi’s job is to get food nutrients to the blood ...
Disorders of the Immune System
Disorders of the Immune System Your immune system is your body's defense against infections and other harmful invaders. Without it, illnesses from bacteria or viruses, for example, would be constant. Your immune system is made up of special cells, tissues, and organs that work together to protect you. The Immune System - Click to Enlarge The lymph, or lymphatic, system is a major part of the immune system. It's a network of lymph nodes and vessels. Lymphatic vessels are thin tubes that branch, like bloo...
Dermatomyositis What is dermatomyositis? Dermatomyositis is a rare disease that causes muscle inflammation and skin rash. It’s one of a group of muscle diseases that cause muscle inflammation and swelling. It's different from other muscle diseases because it also causes skin problems. Dermatoyositis is the term used to describe both muscle and skin symptoms. It can occur at any age, but it most often affects adults ages 50 to 70. Women are twice as likely as men to be diagnosed with the disease. Some pe...
Dumping Syndrome After Gastric Bypass Surgery
Dumping Syndrome After Gastric Bypass Surgery What is dumping syndrome after gastric bypass surgery? Dumping syndrome is a problem for many people who have had gastric bypass surgery. It happens when the solid parts of a meal get “dumped” directly from your stomach into your small intestine without being digested. This can feel uncomfortable and may even lead to malnutrition if not treated. What causes dumping syndrome after gastric bypass surgery? Health care providers don’t really understand why dumpi...
Dealing with Discrimination When You Have HIV
Dealing with Discrimination When You Have HIV We've come a long way in our understanding of HIV and AIDS, but discrimination against people with HIV/AIDS is still rampant. Advances in research have made it possible to live with the disease, as people do with other chronic illnesses. But the greatest challenge for many people is still the stigma that accompanies the illness. You may worry about what others will think about your diagnosis. Or you may fear coming out as gay or bisexual, or as an intravenou...
Dofetilide Oral capsule
Dofetilide Oral capsule What is this medicine? DOFETILIDE (doe FET il ide) is an antiarrhythmic drug. It helps make your heart beat regularly. This medicine also helps to slow rapid heartbeats. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. You can take this medicine with or without food. Do not drink grapefruit juice with this medicine. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than dir...
Disopyramide Phosphate Oral capsule
Disopyramide Phosphate Oral capsule What is this medicine? DISOPYRAMIDE (dye soe PEER a mide) is an antiarrhythmic drug. It helps make your heart beat regularly. This medicine also helps to slow rapid heartbeats. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. Do not stop taking this medicine suddenly. This may cause serious, heart-...
Digoxin Solution for injection
Digoxin Solution for injection What is this medicine? DIGOXIN (di JOX in) is used to treat congestive heart failure and heart rhythm problems. How should I use this medicine? The medicine is for injection or infusion into a vein. It is given by a health care professional in a hospital or clinic setting. Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed. What side effects may I notice from receiving this medicine? Side effects that you should report to y...
Digoxin Oral solution
Digoxin Oral solution What is this medicine? DIGOXIN (di JOX in) is used to treat congestive heart failure and heart rhythm problems. It increases the strength of the heart muscle, helps to maintain a normal heart rhythm, and helps to remove excess water from the body. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Measure your medicine carefully with the specially marked dropper provided. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not take yo...
Diltiazem Hydrochloride Oral tablet
Diltiazem Hydrochloride Oral tablet What is this medicine? DILTIAZEM (dil TYE a zem) is a calcium-channel blocker. It affects the amount of calcium found in your heart and muscle cells. This relaxes your blood vessels, which can reduce the amount of work the heart has to do. This medicine is used to treat chest pain caused by angina. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Do not cut, crush or chew this medicine....
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200 West Church Street, Lexington, TN 38351
Copyright 2016. All rights reserved.