Patient Rights and Responsibilities
Patient Rights and Responsibilities
Are Stroke Centers Life Savers?
Are Stroke Centers Life Savers? TUESDAY, July 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The odds of surviving a stroke are slightly better for patients treated at hospitals with a specialized stroke department, known as primary stroke centers, a new study finds. But that benefit was only seen if stroke patients got to a stroke center in less than 90 minutes, the study authors said. "Treatment of stroke is very time sensitive. As the saying goes, time is brain," said lead researcher Dr. Kimon Bekelis. "So the faster ...
Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Detected in Sewage Spill
Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Detected in Sewage Spill FRIDAY, July 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Sewer line breaks can release antibiotic-resistant bacteria that pose a public health threat, a new study says. Consider the 2014 sewer line break in St. Petersburg, Fla., that released 500,000 gallons of untreated wastewater into neighborhoods and Boca Ciega Bay. University of South Florida researchers who did follow-up testing of soil and water said they detected genes from vancomycin-resistant bacteria fo...
Alzheimer's May Hamper Ability to Perceive Pain
Alzheimer's May Hamper Ability to Perceive Pain WEDNESDAY, July 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Alzheimer's disease may affect people's ability to recognize when they are in pain, a new study shows. Undetected pain may allow underlying health issues to go untreated, leading to serious complications, such as organ damage, researchers from Vanderbilt University in Nashville cautioned. For the three-year study, the researchers tested two groups of adults who were aged 65 or older. One group was made up of peo...
Anesthesia Safe for Kids, Doctors' Group Says
Anesthesia Safe for Kids, Doctors' Group Says FRIDAY, July 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Anesthesia eases the pain of millions of children who must have surgery every year, but parents who are worried about the safety of these medications should talk to their anesthesiologist about their fears, experts advise. "Particularly in infants and toddlers, surgery is only recommended when necessary for the child's health, so parents should not avoid an important procedure out of fear," said Dr. Randall Flick. He...
Alzheimer's Gene May Show Effects in Childhood
Alzheimer's Gene May Show Effects in Childhood WEDNESDAY, July 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A gene related to Alzheimer's disease may start to show effects on brain structure and mental sharpness as early as preschool, a new study suggests. Researchers have long known that a gene called APOE is related to the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease. People who carry a variant of the gene known as e4 have a higher-than-average risk. The new study confirms what smaller studies have hinted: The gene's effec...
Apartment Dwellers More Likely to Smoke: CDC
Apartment Dwellers More Likely to Smoke: CDC WEDNESDAY, July 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Apartment residents are more likely to smoke and less likely to have smoke-free rules than people living in single-family homes, U.S. health officials report. Researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that 20 percent of adults living in apartments or condos smoked, potentially exposing nearby residents to secondhand smoke. Among residents of single-family homes, however, only about ...
Acne Treatment Differin Gel Approved for OTC Use
Acne Treatment Differin Gel Approved for OTC Use MONDAY, July 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The once-daily acne treatment Differin Gel 0.1% (adapalene) has been approved for over-the counter use among people 12 and older, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said. It's the first among a class of drugs called retinoids to be made available over the counter to treat acne. The drug's active ingredient is the first new OTC acne treatment approved since the 1980s, the FDA said in a news release. Differin Gel...
Allergies Less Common in Kids Who Suck Thumb, Bite Nails
Allergies Less Common in Kids Who Suck Thumb, Bite Nails MONDAY, July 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- If your kid's nail-biting or thumb-sucking habit drives you nuts, you'll be happy to hear that a new study suggests those habits may have a health benefit. Children who suck their thumb or bite their nails past preschool age may be less prone to allergic reactions when they reached adolescence, researchers said. What's more, the study found that the protective effects seemed to last into adulthood. Still n...
Are E-Cigs Slowing Teen Anti-Smoking Push?
Are E-Cigs Slowing Teen Anti-Smoking Push? MONDAY, July 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Declines in teenage smoking in the United States may be slowing because of the popularity of electronic cigarettes, a new study contends. "We found evidence that e-cigarettes are recruiting at least some youth who likely would never have smoked combustible cigarettes," said study lead author Jessica Barrington-Trimis. E-cigarettes are electronic devices that vaporize a fluid, which is then inhaled. The liquid can includ...
Are Blood Transfusions From Younger or Female Donors Riskier?
Are Blood Transfusions From Younger or Female Donors Riskier? MONDAY, July 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Red blood cell transfusions from young or female donors may lead to lower survival rates for recipients, according to a new Canadian study. "These results are intriguing and suggest that if you require a transfusion, your clinical outcome may be affected by the blood donor's age and sex," said the study's senior author, Dr. Dean Fergusson. He's director of the clinical epidemiology program at the Otta...
Are High School Athletes at Risk From Artificial Turf?
Are High School Athletes at Risk From Artificial Turf? FRIDAY, July 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Lower levels of fake soil in artificial turf -- a cost-saving move -- may be linked to sharply higher numbers of injuries among high school football players, new research suggests. The findings of the industry-funded research suggest a connection but don't definitively prove that less fake soil causes more injuries. Still, "we're seeing a phenomenal effect. You're exchanging low cost for higher injuries," sai...
Anthrax Vaccine Shows Promise in Monkey Trial
Anthrax Vaccine Shows Promise in Monkey Trial FRIDAY, July 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A vaccine made with a component of the bacteria that causes anthrax protected monkeys from the deadly infection in a preliminary trial. Previous research showed that this component -- the anthrax capsule -- played a pivotal role in providing protection, the researchers said. In this study, the same team of scientists at the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) tested a higher dose of ...
Allergists: Daily Bath OK for Kids With Eczema
Allergists: Daily Bath OK for Kids With Eczema WEDNESDAY, June 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Although some doctors advise against giving a daily bath to kids with the skin condition eczema, a new paper says a daily soak is fine as long as it's followed by plenty of moisturizer. Eczema occurs in adults and children, but is most common in babies. It results in extremely dry, itchy skin, and sometimes inflamed rashes. Some medical professionals believe infrequent bathing (less than once a day) helps prevent...
Antidepressant No Help to Heart Failure Patients: Study
Antidepressant No Help to Heart Failure Patients: Study TUESDAY, June 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The antidepressant Lexapro may not help heart failure patients suffering from depression, German researchers report. "Depression in heart failure may not be the same depression patients without heart failure get and who respond well to antidepressants," said lead researcher Dr. Christiane Angermann, a professor of cardiology at University Hospital Wurzburg. Heart failure is associated with biological chang...
Arthritis Possible Side Effect of Certain Cancer Drugs: Study
Arthritis Possible Side Effect of Certain Cancer Drugs: Study TUESDAY, June 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Certain cancer immunotherapy drugs may increase risk for joint and tissue disease, including arthritis, new research suggests. "We keep having referrals coming in from our oncologists as more patients are treated with these drugs," said Dr. Clifton Bingham, director of the Johns Hopkins Arthritis Center in Baltimore. "In particular, as more patients are treated with combinations of multiple immunothe...
Are Omega-3s Linked to Lower Risk for Fatal Heart Attack?
Are Omega-3s Linked to Lower Risk for Fatal Heart Attack? MONDAY, June 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Regularly eating fish and other foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids may lower your risk of fatal heart disease, a new research review suggests. "Our results lend support to the importance of fish and omega-3 consumption as part of a healthy diet," said senior study author Dr. Dariush Mozaffarian, dean of the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University, in Boston. "At a time when some...
Adult Lead (Blood)
Adult Lead (Blood) Does this test have other names? Lead poisoning test, BLL What is this test? This test measures the levels of lead in your blood. High levels of lead can be toxic. Complications include abdominal pain, constipation, a decline in thinking, and high blood pressure. Lead exposure can also cause reproductive problems. Women with high lead levels are more likely to have stillbirths or give birth to infants with lead poisoning. Men may have low sperm counts or abnormal sperm. You may be exp...
Aspartate Transaminase Does this test have other names? AST, serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase test, SGOT What is this test? This blood test is used to diagnose liver damage. Aspartate transaminase (AST) is an enzyme that is released when your liver or muscles are damaged. Although AST is found mainly in your liver and heart, AST can also be found in small amounts in other muscles. This test can also be used to monitor liver disease. Why do I need this test? Your healthcare provider might give you...
Arterial Blood Gas (ABG)
Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) Does this test have other names? ABG, systemic arterial blood gas analysis, PaO2, PaCO2, pH, or oxygen saturation test. What is this test? An arterial blood gas analysis (ABG) measures the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide in your blood to see how well your lungs are working. It also measures the acid-base balance in the blood. Your kidneys and lungs keep this acid-base balance. You need this for the enzyme systems in your body to work at their best. When there is an imbalanc...
Activated Partial Thromboplastin Clotting Time
Activated Partial Thromboplastin Clotting Time Does this test have other names? Intrinsic pathway coagulation factor profile, aPTT, partial thromboplastin time, PTT, blood coagulation tests What is this test? The aPTT is one of several blood coagulation tests. It measures how long it takes your blood to form a clot. Normally, when one of your blood vessels is damaged, proteins in your blood called clotting factors come together in a certain order to form blood clots and quickly stop bleeding. The aPTT t...
Apolipoprotein B-100 Does this test have other names? ApoB100, Apolipoprotein B, ApoB, Apolipoprotein (B) What is this test? This test measures the amount of a certain type of cholesterol called apolipoprotein B-100 (ApoB) in your blood. ApoB is the main protein found in the low-density lipoproteins (LDL). LDL cholesterol is also called "bad" cholesterol because high levels of it can damage your heart and arteries. The ApoB test helps your healthcare provider figure out your risk for cardiovascular dise...
Apolipoprotein A Does this test have other names? Apo A-1, apolipoprotein a-1 What is this test? This test measures the amount of apolipoprotein A in your blood. It helps your healthcare provider figure out your risk for cardiovascular disease. Apolipoprotein A is a protein carried in HDL ("good") cholesterol. It helps start the process for HDL to remove bad types of cholesterol from your body. In this way, apolipoprotein A can help to lower your risk for cardiovascular disease. Although apolipoprotein ...
Antithrombin (Activity and Antigen)
Antithrombin (Activity and Antigen) Does this test have other names? Functional antithrombin III, functional AT, AT activity What are these tests? The antithrombin activity and antigen tests are used to help find out what may be causing abnormal blood clots in your body. A blood clot (thrombus) can be good or bad, depending on the case. Your body needs to be able to form blood clots in order to stop too much bleeding in case of injury. But it's important to prevent abnormal clots that cut off blood flow...
Antitissue Transglutaminase Antibody
Anti-tissue Transglutaminase Antibody Does this test have other names? IgA anti-tissue transglutaminase, IgA Anti-tTG, celiac disease testing What is this test? This test is used to see if you have celiac disease. It is also used to see how well people with the condition are doing. It is one of several blood tests that may be used to help diagnose celiac disease. Tissue transglutaminase is an enzyme that fixes damage in your body. People with celiac disease often make antibodies that attack this enzyme....
Antiphospholipid Antibody Does this test have other names? APA, lupus anticoagulant, anticardiolipin antibodies What is this test? This blood test checks for antiphospholipid antibodies. These may be found in people with abnormal blood clots or autoimmune diseases. Your immune system usually creates antibodies in response to an infection or foreign invaders like bacteria. Antiphospholipid antibodies are usually made when your immune system mistakes part of your own body for a harmful substance. In this ...
Antinuclear Antibody Does this test have other names? ANA, fluorescent antinuclear antibody test, FANA What is this test? This blood test is done to help your health care provider find out if you have an autoimmune disease. Your immune system is your body's defense system. It protects you against foreign invaders like viruses and bacteria. In some cases, your immune system can become confused. It can think that normal cells in your body are foreign invaders. When that happens, your body can make protein...
Antimyocardial Antibody Does this test have other names? AMA, anti-cardiac muscle antibody What is this test? This test measures how many antimyocardial antibodies (AMAs) are in your blood. AMAs are a sign of heart damage. Higher levels are linked to several forms of heart disease. They can be found in the blood before you have any symptoms of heart disease. Why do I need this test? Some people develop AMAs after heart surgery or a heart attack. Having these antibodies can be a sign of pericarditis, or ...
Antimitochondrial Antibody and Antimitochondrial M2 Antibody
Antimitochondrial Antibody and Antimitochondrial M2 Antibody Does this test have other names? AMA, mitochondrial antibody, antimitochondrial M2 antibody What is this test? This test looks for substances called antimitochondrial antibody and antimitochondrial M2 antibody in your blood. These substances are usually made by your body if you have a condition called primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). PBC is the most common autoimmune disease that affects the liver. In autoimmune diseases, the immune system att...
Antidiuretic Hormone Does this test have other names? Vasopressin, arginine vasopressin, ADH What is this test? This test measures how much antidiuretic hormone (ADH) is in your blood. ADH is made by your hypothalamus. ADH keeps the amount of water in your body in balance. Certain conditions can affect the amount of ADH that your body makes. These include hyponatremia, or low sodium levels in your bodily fluids. They also include diabetes insipidus. Symptoms of this condition include urinating often and...
Anion Gap (Blood)
Anion Gap (Blood) Does this test have other names? Serum anion gap What is this test? This test looks at electrically charged particles in your blood. This helps your health care provider diagnose acid-base problems. The test results are done from the results of an electrolyte panel, another blood test. Your blood contains sodium, chloride, and bicarbonate. All of these are charged particles. The value for the anion gap tells your health care provider something about which other charged particles must b...
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (Blood)
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (Blood) Does this test have other names? Serum angiotensin converting enzyme, SACE What is this test? This test measures how much angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) is in your blood. Your ACE levels may be higher if you have a condition called sarcoidosis. In sarcoidosis, small abnormal knots of immune cells called granulomas form in various parts of the body. The most common place is in the lungs. These knots of cells may cause health problems. Granulomas can also form in...
Anaerobic Culture Does this test have other names? Wound culture What is this test? This test looks for certain bacteria in a wound or an infection in a fluid sample. These bacteria are called anaerobic because they don't need oxygen to grow. Infections caused by anaerobic bacteria can occur almost anywhere in your body. These may be oral infections, lung infections, diabetes-related foot infections, infected bites, and gangrene. Finding the specific bacteria that's causing your infection helps your hea...
Amylase (Urine) Does this test have other names? Amylase What is this test? This test measures how much of the enzyme amylase is in your urine. About 40% of the amylase in your body is made by your pancreas. The rest comes from your salivary glands. This test is used to find out whether your pancreas or your salivary glands are swollen. Your amylase levels are usually higher than normal if you have a problem with your pancreas. High levels can also be caused by an infection, cancer, or even alcohol or m...
Amylase (Blood) Does this test have other names? Serum amylase What is this test? This test measures the level of the enzyme amylase in your blood. About 40% of the amylase in your body is made by your pancreas. The rest comes from your salivary glands. This test is used to find out whether your pancreas or your salivary glands are swollen. If you have a pancreatic disorder, your amylase levels are usually higher than normal. High levels can also be caused by an infection, cancer, or even alcohol or med...
Amphetamine Screen (Urine)
Amphetamine Screen (Urine) Does this test have other names? Drug test, AMP, toxicology urine screen What is this test? This test looks for amphetamine in your urine. Amphetamine is a drug that stimulates your central nervous system. It can show up in your urine long after you've taken it. Amphetamines include methamphetamine (meth) and phentermine. Amphetamine is a commonly used street drug. It makes users feel very alert and have lots of energy. Stimulants like amphetamine and methamphetamine can also ...
Amphetamine Screen (Blood)
Amphetamine Screen (Blood) Does this test have other names? Amphetamine concentrations screen (blood), amphetamine screen (blood) What is this test? This test measures the amount of a drug called amphetamine in your blood. This drug is a central nervous system stimulant. This group of drugs also includes methamphetamine, or "meth." The test is most commonly used to screen for drug abuse. It's often required by the court system and some workplaces. If you show symptoms of an amphetamine overdose, such as...
Ammonia Does this test have other names? Blood ammonia test, NH3 What is this test? This test checks the level of ammonia in your blood. The test helps find out why you may have changes in consciousness and also helps diagnose a liver disease called hepatic encephalopathy. This disease affects how your brain works, because of excess toxins, or poisons, in your body. Your liver may not work properly if you have high levels of ammonia in your blood. Ammonia is a chemical made by bacteria in your intestine...
ALT Does this test have other names? Alanine aminotransferase, serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase, SGPT What is this test? This test measures the amount of the enzyme alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in your blood. ALT, formerly called SGPT, is mostly found in your liver cells. When liver cells are injured, they release this enzyme into your blood. High levels are a sign of liver damage. This test is part of a group of tests commonly referred to as "liver function tests." Results of these tests give heal...
Alpha-Fetoprotein Tumor Marker (Blood)
Alpha-Fetoprotein Tumor Marker (Blood) Does this test have other names? AFP What is this test? This is a blood test to look for alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in your blood. AFP is normally made by a fetus's liver and yolk sac. It's the main protein during the first three months of development. AFP greatly decreases by age 1 and should only be found in adults in very low levels. AFP is one of several tumor markers. Tumor markers are molecules in the blood that are higher when a person has certain cancers. AFP ...
Alpha-Fetoprotein (Blood) Does this test have other names? msAFP screen What is this test? If you are pregnant, this test looks for a fetal substance called alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in your blood. AFP is a protein made by your fetus' liver. The protein passes through the placenta and into your blood. The test helps find out whether your fetus has higher than normal levels of AFP. Higher levels of AFP may mean that your fetus has an abnormality, such as a neural tube defect or Down syndrome. Neural tube d...
Alpha-Fetoprotein (Amniotic Fluid)
Alpha-Fetoprotein (Amniotic Fluid) Does this test have other names? Amniotic fluid alpha-fetoprotein, AFAFP test What is this test? This test checks a sample of amniotic fluid. The sample can confirm that your fetus has a birth defect called an open neural tube defect. Spina bifida is an example of a neural tube defect. Amniotic fluid is the liquid that protects and feeds your fetus during pregnancy. When a developing baby has open neural tube defect, it often causes a high level of alpha-fetoprotein (A...
Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Does this test have other names? Alpha-1-antiprotease deficiency, alpha-1-antiproteinase inhibitor deficiency, AAT deficiency, alpha-1-antitrypsin (A-1AT) deficiency What is this test? This is a blood test to help find out if liver disorders and lung diseases such as emphysema are caused by a genetic disorder called alpha-1antitrypsin deficiency. This is especially true if they show up much earlier than they normally would. This disorder is linked to abnormally low levels or a lack o...
Alkaline Phosphatase Does this test have other names? ALP What is this test? The alkaline phosphatase (ALP) test measures how much alkaline phosphatase you have in your blood. Alkaline phosphatase is an enzyme found throughout your body. But it is mainly in your liver, bone, kidney, and digestive tract. Why do I need this test? You may need this test if you're at risk for a condition that affects your liver. For instance, your blood can show higher levels of ALP if one of the bile ducts that drains your...
Aldosterone and Renin
Aldosterone and Renin Does this test have other names? Aldosterone-renin ratio (ARR), plasma renin activity (PRA), plasma aldosterone What is this test? This test measures levels of the hormones aldosterone and renin in your blood. Aldosterone and renin play important roles in the body. Aldosterone regulates your levels of potassium, sodium, and overall blood volume. High levels of aldosterone can result from a condition called primary aldosteronism (PA), which causes high blood pressure. PA can then le...
Albumin (Urine) Does this test have other names? Urine albumin, 24-hour urine test for albumin What is this test? This test looks for a protein called albumin in your urine. The test is used to check for kidney damage or disease. Albumin helps to keep the right amount of fluid moving through your body. Your kidneys filter toxins from your blood, but they allow proteins to pass through because proteins are useful to your body. Proteins should be reabsorbed in your blood and not be passed out in your urin...
Albumin (Blood) Does this test have other names? ALB What is this test? This test measures the amount of the protein albumin in your blood. Your liver makes albumin. Albumin carries substances such as hormones, drugs, and enzymes throughout your body. This test can help diagnose, evaluate, and watch kidney and liver conditions. When your kidneys begin to fail, albumin starts to leak into your urine. This causes a low albumin level in your blood. Why do I need this test? You may have this test if your he...
ACTH (Blood) Does this test have other names? Adrenocorticotropic hormone blood test, corticotropin What is this test? This is a blood test that measures the amount of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) the pituitary gland produces. This gland is a tiny organ that sits just below your brain. It secretes adrenocorticotropic hormone, which controls the production of another hormone called cortisol. Cortisol is produced by your adrenal glands, which are located at the top of your kidneys. Cortisol helps br...
Activated Coagulation Time
Activated Coagulation Time Does this test have other names? ACT, activated clotting time What is this test? This test measures how long it takes your blood to clot. It's often used to check how well the drug heparin is working. Heparin slows the ability of blood to clot, and the ACT test helps your health care provider determine the right dosage. Why do I need this test? You may need this test if you are getting heparin to prevent your blood from clotting during a procedure such as open heart surgery, c...
Acid-Fast Bacteria Culture
Acid-Fast Bacteria Culture Does this test have other names? Acid-fast bacillus smear and culture, AFB smear and culture, TB culture and sensitivity, mycobacterial culture What is this test? An acid-fast bacteria (AFB) culture is done to find out if you have tuberculosis (TB) or another mycobacterial infection. Besides tuberculosis, the other main mycobacterial infections are leprosy and a TB-like disease that affects people with HIV/AIDS. To do an AFB culture, health care providers take a sample of phle...
Acid-Fast Bacteria Smear
Acid-Fast Bacteria Smear Does this test have other names? AFB smear microscopy, AFB smear, mycobacterial smear What is this test? This test looks for a type of bacteria called acid-fast bacillus in your sputum. Tuberculosis is the most common infection from this type of bacteria. Your sputum sample is collected from mucus coughed up from your lungs. The sample is "smeared" on a glass slide and treated with a special acid-fast stain to look at under a microscope. Why do I need this test? You may need thi...
Acetylcholine Receptor Antibody (Blood)
Acetylcholine Receptor Antibody (Blood) Does this test have other names? Muscle Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor (AChR) Binding Antibody, AChR Antibody, Myasthenia Gravis Antibodies What is this test? This test measures the concentration of a substance called acetylcholine receptor (AChR) antibody in your blood. AChR antibodies stop the neurotransmitter acetylcholine from doing its job. Acetylcholine carries nerve signals that tell your muscle cells to contract. AChR antibodies are made if you have the ...
Acetaminophen Drug Level
Acetaminophen Drug Level Does this test have other names? Paracetamol or Tylenol drug level What is this test? The acetaminophen drug level is a blood test used to screen for the presence of the common pain reliever acetaminophen. (Tylenol and paracetamol are among several other names for the same medicine.) This over-the-counter (OTC) medicine is used to treat pain and reduce fever. It is safe and works well in the recommended doses. But dosing mistakes are common. Acetaminophen is also often used in i...
A1C Does this test have other names? Hemoglobin A1c; HbA1c; glycosylated hemoglobin; glycohemoglobin; Glycated hemoglobin What is this test? A1C is a blood test used to screen people to find out whether they have diabetes or prediabetes. It's also used in people who know they have diabetes to measure how well they are controlling their blood sugar and to guide their treatment decisions over time. Why do I need this test? You may need this test to check for prediabetes or diabetes. If you already know th...
Anger Management: Strategies for Parents and Grandparents
Anger Management: Strategies for Parents and Grandparents Parenting and grandparenting can be an emotional roller coaster. Although you're filled with love for your kids and grandkids, caring for them can also be scary, frustrating, and sometimes downright infuriating. But no matter how riled up you get, it's important to control your anger around youngsters. The importance of managing anger It never feels good to rage at someone you love, especially a child. And although anger is a completely natural a...
AIDS-Related Lymphoma in Children
AIDS-Related Lymphoma in Children What is AIDS-related lymphoma? AIDS-related lymphoma is a type of cancer called non-Hodgkin lymphoma. It grows in some people with AIDS. AIDS is a disease that weakens the immune system. AIDS raises the risk for long-term (chronic) disease, such as cancer. AIDS-related lymphoma grows in the white blood cells of the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is part of the immune system. It helps to fight diseases and infections. The lymphatic system also helps with balancin...
Achalasia in Children
Achalasia in Children What is achalasia in children? Achalasia is a rare disease that makes it hard to swallow foods and liquids. In achalasia, there is a problem with the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach (esophagus). The muscles that make the esophagus contract and push food down to the stomach don’t work well. The muscle contractions get weak. The LES (lower esophageal sphincter) also doesn’t work well. The LES is the muscle at the bottom of the esophagus, where it joins the stomac...
About Poison Control Centers
About Poison Control Centers Have you ever wondered what to do if your child accidentally swallows medication or if bleach gets splashed in your eyes while cleaning your home? Immediate, lifesaving guidance is just a phone call away at poison control centers. There are facilities dedicated to helping people faced with a poisoning emergency. Children and even adults can easily swallow or inhale potentially poisonous substances or be exposed through the skin or eyes, and immediate action is needed to limi...
Astrocytoma An astrocytoma is a type of brain tumor that develops in astrocytes. These are the star-shaped cells in the brain that hold nerve cells in place. An astrocytoma can be harmless (benign) or cancerous (malignant). Astrocytomas are most common in middle-aged men, but they can occur in children, too. Astrocytomas in children Click to Enlarge In young people, astrocytomas are usually found at the base of the brain, and they are usually low grade, which means they are slow growing. When diagnosed,...
Amniocentesis Podcast Detailed information on amniocentesis, including the reasons and preparation for the procedure, how the procedure is performed, and after care. Play Audio
Anatomy of the Skull Base
Anatomy of the Skull Base Your ability to run, jump, write with a pen, laugh, and experience pain all start in the brain, a mass of soft tissues and nerve cells attached to the spinal cord that sends messages throughout the body to let you move and feel. The brain is divided into several parts, all protected by the skull. Click to Enlarge At the base of the skull is bone that supports 4 brain components—the frontal lobe, temporal lobe, brain stem, and cerebellum. The skull base offers support from the b...
Find A Doctor
A to Z LIST
I Need a Specialist In
Critical Care Medicine
Pathology-Anatomic and Clinical
A to Z LIST
Search Health Library
Browse Health Library
200 West Church Street
Lexington, TN 38351
More Helpful Tools
Online Bill Pay
Online Bill Pay
Campus and Amenities
Hospital Fact Sheet
Billing and Insurance
Patient Rights and Responsibilities
Media and Vendors
Marketing and PR contact
200 West Church Street, Lexington, TN 38351
Copyright 2016. All rights reserved.
200 West Church Street, Lexington, TN 38351
Copyright 2016. All rights reserved.